Occupation, class, and social networks in urban China

Yanjie Bian, Ronald L Breiger, Deborah Davis, Joseph J Galaskiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chinas class structure is changing dramatically in the wake of post-1978 market-oriented economic reforms. The creation of a mixed "market- socialist" economy has eroded the institutional bases of a cadre-dominated social hierarchy and created conditions for a new pattern of social stratification. Although conditions remain dynamic, results of a 1998 urban survey that measured strength and diversity of social ties among 400 households in four of China's largest cities documented networks of social exchange among 13 occupation-based classes that identify a class structure distinct from the cadre-dominated social hierarchy of the Mao era. In particular, analysis of visiting during the Lunar New Year celebration suggests an urban society simultaneously divided along two axes: one by economic success in the more privatized economy and one by distinctions in political authority at the workplace. Thus contrary to those who privilege market transactions as the primary engine for creating a new class hierarchy, we conclude that to understand processes of social stratification one needs theories and methods that work simultaneously with multiple dynamics of class differentiation rather than presuming linear hierarchy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1443-1468
Number of pages26
JournalSocial Forces
Volume83
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Fingerprint

social network
occupation
social stratification
cadre
China
market
socialist economy
economic success
large city
economic reform
privilege
transaction
workplace
economy
Social Networks
Cadres
Economy
Social Stratification
Society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Occupation, class, and social networks in urban China. / Bian, Yanjie; Breiger, Ronald L; Davis, Deborah; Galaskiewicz, Joseph J.

In: Social Forces, Vol. 83, No. 4, 06.2005, p. 1443-1468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bian, Yanjie ; Breiger, Ronald L ; Davis, Deborah ; Galaskiewicz, Joseph J. / Occupation, class, and social networks in urban China. In: Social Forces. 2005 ; Vol. 83, No. 4. pp. 1443-1468.
@article{8c05ba7ec62e4fb88480880a9cd6ef7d,
title = "Occupation, class, and social networks in urban China",
abstract = "Chinas class structure is changing dramatically in the wake of post-1978 market-oriented economic reforms. The creation of a mixed {"}market- socialist{"} economy has eroded the institutional bases of a cadre-dominated social hierarchy and created conditions for a new pattern of social stratification. Although conditions remain dynamic, results of a 1998 urban survey that measured strength and diversity of social ties among 400 households in four of China's largest cities documented networks of social exchange among 13 occupation-based classes that identify a class structure distinct from the cadre-dominated social hierarchy of the Mao era. In particular, analysis of visiting during the Lunar New Year celebration suggests an urban society simultaneously divided along two axes: one by economic success in the more privatized economy and one by distinctions in political authority at the workplace. Thus contrary to those who privilege market transactions as the primary engine for creating a new class hierarchy, we conclude that to understand processes of social stratification one needs theories and methods that work simultaneously with multiple dynamics of class differentiation rather than presuming linear hierarchy.",
author = "Yanjie Bian and Breiger, {Ronald L} and Deborah Davis and Galaskiewicz, {Joseph J}",
year = "2005",
month = "6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "83",
pages = "1443--1468",
journal = "Social Forces",
issn = "0037-7732",
publisher = "University of North Carolina Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupation, class, and social networks in urban China

AU - Bian, Yanjie

AU - Breiger, Ronald L

AU - Davis, Deborah

AU - Galaskiewicz, Joseph J

PY - 2005/6

Y1 - 2005/6

N2 - Chinas class structure is changing dramatically in the wake of post-1978 market-oriented economic reforms. The creation of a mixed "market- socialist" economy has eroded the institutional bases of a cadre-dominated social hierarchy and created conditions for a new pattern of social stratification. Although conditions remain dynamic, results of a 1998 urban survey that measured strength and diversity of social ties among 400 households in four of China's largest cities documented networks of social exchange among 13 occupation-based classes that identify a class structure distinct from the cadre-dominated social hierarchy of the Mao era. In particular, analysis of visiting during the Lunar New Year celebration suggests an urban society simultaneously divided along two axes: one by economic success in the more privatized economy and one by distinctions in political authority at the workplace. Thus contrary to those who privilege market transactions as the primary engine for creating a new class hierarchy, we conclude that to understand processes of social stratification one needs theories and methods that work simultaneously with multiple dynamics of class differentiation rather than presuming linear hierarchy.

AB - Chinas class structure is changing dramatically in the wake of post-1978 market-oriented economic reforms. The creation of a mixed "market- socialist" economy has eroded the institutional bases of a cadre-dominated social hierarchy and created conditions for a new pattern of social stratification. Although conditions remain dynamic, results of a 1998 urban survey that measured strength and diversity of social ties among 400 households in four of China's largest cities documented networks of social exchange among 13 occupation-based classes that identify a class structure distinct from the cadre-dominated social hierarchy of the Mao era. In particular, analysis of visiting during the Lunar New Year celebration suggests an urban society simultaneously divided along two axes: one by economic success in the more privatized economy and one by distinctions in political authority at the workplace. Thus contrary to those who privilege market transactions as the primary engine for creating a new class hierarchy, we conclude that to understand processes of social stratification one needs theories and methods that work simultaneously with multiple dynamics of class differentiation rather than presuming linear hierarchy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=26444600748&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=26444600748&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:26444600748

VL - 83

SP - 1443

EP - 1468

JO - Social Forces

JF - Social Forces

SN - 0037-7732

IS - 4

ER -