Occurrence of rotaviruses and enteroviruses in recreational waters of Oak Creek, Arizona

Joan B. Rose, Rebecca L. Mullinax, Shri N. Singh, Marylynn V. Yates, Charles P Gerba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent epidemiological studies have shown a relationship between swimming in recreational waters meeting bacteriological standards and gastroenteritis with a suggested viral etiology. No previous studies have been conducted in the United States on the occurrence of human pathogenic enteric viruses in freshwater recreational areas. The presence of enteroviruses and rotaviruses was investigated in Oak Creek, Arizona, a heavily used recreational area. Water samples were filtered through positively charged filters (168-1555 I.), eluted with beef extract, and assayed for human enteroviruses and rotaviruses. Eighteen of the 41 recreational water samples were positive for enterovirus or rotavirus. Of these, nine samples exceeded the Arizona State recommended limit of 1 PFU 40 l-1 for full body contact in effluent dominated recreational waters. Several virus positive samples met the recommended fecal coliform standards (200 CFU 100 ml-1) for recreational waters indicating the inadequacy of bacterial standards for monitoring viral water quality. The isolation of the pathogenic enteric viruses (i.e., poliovirus 1, echovirus 1, coxsackievirus B1 and B6 and rotavirus) from this popular recreational water demonstrates the potential for transmission of viral disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1375-1381
Number of pages7
JournalWater Research
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

Fingerprint

Viruses
Water
virus
water
viral disease
gastroenteritis
Beef
etiology
fecal coliform
Water quality
oak
enterovirus
creek
Effluents
effluent
filter
water quality
Monitoring
monitoring
recreational area

Keywords

  • Arizona
  • enteric viruses
  • indicator bacteria
  • recreational waters
  • rotavirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Occurrence of rotaviruses and enteroviruses in recreational waters of Oak Creek, Arizona. / Rose, Joan B.; Mullinax, Rebecca L.; Singh, Shri N.; Yates, Marylynn V.; Gerba, Charles P.

In: Water Research, Vol. 21, No. 11, 1987, p. 1375-1381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rose, Joan B. ; Mullinax, Rebecca L. ; Singh, Shri N. ; Yates, Marylynn V. ; Gerba, Charles P. / Occurrence of rotaviruses and enteroviruses in recreational waters of Oak Creek, Arizona. In: Water Research. 1987 ; Vol. 21, No. 11. pp. 1375-1381.
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