Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile species in Old and New worlds

Rajinder Singh, Meilina Ong-Abdullah, Eng Ti Leslie Low, Mohamad Arif Abdul Manaf, Rozana Rosli, Rajanaidu Nookiah, Leslie Cheng Li Ooi, Siew Eng Ooi, Kuang Lim Chan, Mohd Amin Halim, Norazah Azizi, Jayanthi Nagappan, Blaire Bacher, Nathan Lakey, Steven W. Smith, Dong He, Michael Hogan, Muhammad A. Budiman, Ernest K. Lee, Rob DesalleDavid A Kudrna, Jose Luis Goicoechea, Rod A Wing, Richard K. Wilson, Robert S. Fulton, Jared M. Ordway, Robert A. Martienssen, Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

226 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oil palm is the most productive oil-bearing crop. Although it is planted on only 5% of the total world vegetable oil acreage, palm oil accounts for 33% of vegetable oil and 45% of edible oil worldwide, but increased cultivation competes with dwindling rainforest reserves. We report the 1.8-gigabase (Gb) genome sequence of the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, the predominant source of worldwide oil production. A total of 1.535 Gb of assembled sequence and transcriptome data from 30 tissue types were used to predict at least 34,802 genes, including oil biosynthesis genes and homologues of WRINKLED1 (WRI1), and other transcriptional regulators, which are highly expressed in the kernel. We also report the draft sequence of the South American oil palm Elaeis oleifera, which has the same number of chromosomes (2n = 32) and produces fertile interspecific hybrids with E. guineensis but seems to have diverged in the New World. Segmental duplications of chromosome arms define the palaeotetraploid origin of palm trees. The oil palm sequence enables the discovery of genes for important traits as well as somaclonal epigenetic alterations that restrict the use of clones in commercial plantings, and should therefore help to achieve sustainability for biofuels and edible oils, reducing the rainforest footprint of this tropical plantation crop.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-339
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume500
Issue number7462
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

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Oils
Genome
Plant Oils
Chromosomes
Genomic Segmental Duplications
Biofuels
Genetic Association Studies
Transcriptome
Epigenomics
Genes
Clone Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Singh, R., Ong-Abdullah, M., Low, E. T. L., Manaf, M. A. A., Rosli, R., Nookiah, R., ... Sambanthamurthi, R. (2013). Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile species in Old and New worlds. Nature, 500(7462), 335-339. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12309

Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile species in Old and New worlds. / Singh, Rajinder; Ong-Abdullah, Meilina; Low, Eng Ti Leslie; Manaf, Mohamad Arif Abdul; Rosli, Rozana; Nookiah, Rajanaidu; Ooi, Leslie Cheng Li; Ooi, Siew Eng; Chan, Kuang Lim; Halim, Mohd Amin; Azizi, Norazah; Nagappan, Jayanthi; Bacher, Blaire; Lakey, Nathan; Smith, Steven W.; He, Dong; Hogan, Michael; Budiman, Muhammad A.; Lee, Ernest K.; Desalle, Rob; Kudrna, David A; Goicoechea, Jose Luis; Wing, Rod A; Wilson, Richard K.; Fulton, Robert S.; Ordway, Jared M.; Martienssen, Robert A.; Sambanthamurthi, Ravigadevi.

In: Nature, Vol. 500, No. 7462, 2013, p. 335-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Singh, R, Ong-Abdullah, M, Low, ETL, Manaf, MAA, Rosli, R, Nookiah, R, Ooi, LCL, Ooi, SE, Chan, KL, Halim, MA, Azizi, N, Nagappan, J, Bacher, B, Lakey, N, Smith, SW, He, D, Hogan, M, Budiman, MA, Lee, EK, Desalle, R, Kudrna, DA, Goicoechea, JL, Wing, RA, Wilson, RK, Fulton, RS, Ordway, JM, Martienssen, RA & Sambanthamurthi, R 2013, 'Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile species in Old and New worlds', Nature, vol. 500, no. 7462, pp. 335-339. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12309
Singh R, Ong-Abdullah M, Low ETL, Manaf MAA, Rosli R, Nookiah R et al. Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile species in Old and New worlds. Nature. 2013;500(7462):335-339. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12309
Singh, Rajinder ; Ong-Abdullah, Meilina ; Low, Eng Ti Leslie ; Manaf, Mohamad Arif Abdul ; Rosli, Rozana ; Nookiah, Rajanaidu ; Ooi, Leslie Cheng Li ; Ooi, Siew Eng ; Chan, Kuang Lim ; Halim, Mohd Amin ; Azizi, Norazah ; Nagappan, Jayanthi ; Bacher, Blaire ; Lakey, Nathan ; Smith, Steven W. ; He, Dong ; Hogan, Michael ; Budiman, Muhammad A. ; Lee, Ernest K. ; Desalle, Rob ; Kudrna, David A ; Goicoechea, Jose Luis ; Wing, Rod A ; Wilson, Richard K. ; Fulton, Robert S. ; Ordway, Jared M. ; Martienssen, Robert A. ; Sambanthamurthi, Ravigadevi. / Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile species in Old and New worlds. In: Nature. 2013 ; Vol. 500, No. 7462. pp. 335-339.
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