On large streamwise structures in a wall jet flowing over a circular cylinder

R. Neuendorf, L. Lourenco, I. Wygnanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes an experimental search for large streamwise vortices in a turbulent wall jet flowing over a convex surface. The existence of these vortices resulting from a centrifugal instability was suspected but never previously observed in this flow. They eluded detection because they meander across the span, as they become larger, with increasing distance from the nozzle. A particle image velocimeter, used in air, enabled the mapping of these vortices establishing their circulation and their evolution in the direction of streaming. Although the longitudinal structures educed do not contribute to mean spanwise distortion of the flow, they are strong enough to augment the Reynolds stresses that increase the rate of spread of the jet and its turbulent intensities. Since the temporal resolution of the instrument is not yet adequate to track the motion of large vortices, the turbulent characteristics surrounding a pair of educed counter-rotating vortices were observed in a frame of reference that is statistically stationary relative to the vortex cores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2158-2169
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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