On-line competitive immunoassay based on capillary electrophoresis applied to monitoring insulin secretion from single islets of Langerhans

Li Tao, Craig A. Aspinwall, Robert T. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

An automated on-line competitive immunoassay based on capillary electrophoresis (CE) was utilized to monitor secretion of insulin from single islets of Langerhans stimulated by glucose and tolbutamide. In the instrument, fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled insulin (FITC-insulin), monoclonal anti-insulin and perifusate of single islets were mixed on-line while islets were exposed to different levels of glucose and tolbutamide. Insulin released from single islets competed with FITC-insulin for antibody binding sites. Therefore, the amounts of bound and free FITC-insulin were modulated by insulin released from islets. The bound and the free FITC-insulin were separated by CE every 3 s and the bound over free ratio (B/F) was measured. Insulin levels were obtained by comparing B/F with calibration curves obtained under the same conditions except that the islet perfusate was replaced with various concentrations of insulin. Patterns of insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and tolbutamide observed were comparable to what has been seen previously using radioimmunoassay or enzyme-linked immunoassay. This on-line competitive immunoassay system provided a fast and direct way to measure insulin release from single islets. The effects of temperature on antibody-antigen reaction rate and binding equilibrium were also studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-408
Number of pages6
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Insulin secretion
  • Laser-induced fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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