ON THE LARGE-SCALE STRUCTURES IN TWO-DIMENSIONAL, SMALL-DEFICIT, TURBULENT WAKES.

Israel J Wygnanski, F. Champagne, B. Marasli

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Abstract

A systematic study of two-dimensional, turbulent, small-deficit wakes was carried out to determine their structure and the universality of their self-preserving states. Various wake generators, including circular cylinders, a symmetrical airfoil, a flat plate, and an assortment of screens of varying solidity, were studied for a wide range of downstream distances. The results indicate that the normalized characteristic velocity and length scales depend on the initial conditions, while the shape of the normalized mean velocity profile is independent of these conditions or the nature of the generator. The normalized distributions of the longitudinal turbulence intensity, however, are dependent on the initial conditions. Linear inviscid stability theory, in which the divergence of the mean flow is taken into account, predicts quite well the amplification and the transverse distributions of amplitudes and phases of externally imposed sinuous waves on a fully developed turbulent wake generated by a flat plate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-71
Number of pages41
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume168
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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