On the neuropsychology of metamemory: Contributions from the study of amnesia and dementia

Alfred W Kaszniak, Marsha G. Zak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurologic syndromes in which there is impaired deficit-awareness (termed "anosognosia") provide useful observations for understanding the nature of metacognition and its neurobiologic correlates. Anosognosia can occur in various disorders, including stroke, head injury, particular amnesic syndromes, and various dementing illnesses (e.g., Alzheimer's disease). Research on anosognosia for memory impairment is important both for its clinical implications and for its contributions toward understanding the neural correlates of, and processes by which, persons are aware of, monitor, and develop beliefs about their own memory functioning (i.e., metamemory). Following a brief introduction to anosognosia, a review is provided of research on awareness of memory deficit in persons with neurologic amnesia or dementia syndromes. Particular emphasis is placed upon the examination of how different experimental methods shed light on specific questions about metamemory impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-381
Number of pages27
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

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neuropsychology
Agnosia
Neuropsychology
Amnesia
dementia
Dementia
deficit
Nervous System
human being
stroke
Memory Disorders
illness
Craniocerebral Trauma
Research
Alzheimer Disease
examination
Stroke
Metacognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education

Cite this

On the neuropsychology of metamemory : Contributions from the study of amnesia and dementia. / Kaszniak, Alfred W; Zak, Marsha G.

In: Learning and Individual Differences, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1996, p. 355-381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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