On the observed large interspecies overprediction of human clearance ("vertical allometry") of UCN-01: Further support for a proposed model based on plasma protein binding

Huadong Tang, Michael Mayersohn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prediction of a human clearance (CL) value for UCN-01, an extreme example of vertical allometry (a large overprediction by allomettic scaling), was examined using commonly used simple allometry and the "rule of exponents," as well as a newly proposed model, which quantitatively incorporates plasma protein-binding information from rats and humans. Simple allometry and the rule of exponents were shown to overpredict the human CL value of UCN-01 by about 5000- and 1750-fold, respectively. The new model incorporating the ratio of fraction unbound between rats and humans improved the prediction by about 20-fold compared to the rule of exponents. The model is expected to improve if a more accurate measurement of the unbound fraction in human plasma is obtained. The prediction of volume distribution for UCN-01 by allometric scaling was also shown to be dependent on the difference of fraction unbound between animal species and humans. In summary, plasma protein binding has been demonstrated to be an important measure for interspecies scaling of pharmacokinetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-400
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of clinical pharmacology
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2006

Keywords

  • Human clearance
  • Protein binding
  • Rule of exponents
  • UCN-01
  • Vertical allometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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