On the Psychological Origins of Dualism: Dual-Process Cognition and the Explanatory Gap *

Brian Fiala, Adam Arico, Shaun Nichols

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consciousness often presents itself as a problem for materialists because, no matter which physical explanation we consider, there seems to remain something about conscious experience that hasn't been fully explained, giving rise to an apparent explanatory gap. The explanatory gap between the physical and the conscious is reflected in the broader population, in which dualistic intuitions abound. Drawing on recent empirical evidence, this chapter presents a dual-process cognitive model of consciousness attribution. The model provides an important part of the explanation for dualism being so attractive and the explanatory gap so vexing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCreating Consilience
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrating the Sciences and the Humanities
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199919338
ISBN (Print)9780199794393
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

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    Fiala, B., Arico, A., & Nichols, S. (2012). On the Psychological Origins of Dualism: Dual-Process Cognition and the Explanatory Gap *. In Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0005