One (rating) from many (observations): Factors affecting the individual assessment of voice behavior in groups

Nathan P Podsakoff, Timothy D. Maynes, Steven W. Whiting, Philip M. Podsakoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article reports an investigation into how individuals form perceptions of overall voice behavior in group contexts. More specifically, the authors examine the effect of the proportion of group members exhibiting voice behavior in the group, the frequency of voice events in the group, and the measurement item referent (group vs. individual) on an individual's ratings of group voice behavior. In addition, the authors examine the effect that measurement item referent has on the magnitude of the relationship observed between an individual's ratings of group voice behavior and perceptions of group performance. Consistent with hypotheses, the results from 1 field study (N = 220) and 1 laboratory experiment (N = 366) indicate that: (a) When group referents were used, raters relied on the frequency of voice events (and not the proportion of group members exhibiting voice) to inform their ratings of voice behavior, whereas the opposite was true when individual-referent items were used, and (b) the magnitude of the relationship between observers' ratings of group voice behavior and their perceptions of group performance was higher when raters used group-referent, as opposed to an individual-referent, items. The authors discuss the implications of their findings for scholars interested in studying behavioral phenomena occurring in teams, groups, and work units in organizational behavior research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1189-1202
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Challenge-oriented citizenship behavior
  • Group performance
  • Referent shift
  • Teams
  • Voice behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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