One team must win, the other need only not lose: An experimental study of an asymmetric participation game

Gary Bornstein, Tamar Kugler, Shmuel Zamir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied asymmetric competition between two (three-person) groups. Each group member received an initial endowment and had to decide whether or not to contribute it. The group with more contributions won the competition and each of its members received a reward. The members of the losing group received nothing. The asymmetry was created by randomly and publicly selecting one group beforehand to be the winning group in the case of a tie. A theoretical analysis of this asymmetric game generates two qualitatively different solutions, one in which members of the group that wins in the case of a tie are somewhat more likely to contribute than members of the group that loses, and another in which members of the group that loses in the case of a tie are much more likely to contribute than members of the group that wins. The experimental results are clearly in line with the first solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-123
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Behavioral Decision Making
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

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Keywords

  • Asymmetric game
  • Intergroup competition
  • Participation game

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Strategy and Management

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