We investigate theoretically and experimentally the effects of (2,5) chemical substitution on the optical absorption in the phenylene-based conjugated polymers. Theoretically, substitution destroys both the charge-conjugation symmetry and spatial symmetry that characterize the unsubstituted materials. Within Coulomb-correlated theoretical models, the effect of broken charge-conjugation symmetry alone on the underlying electronic structure and on the absorption spectrum is rather weak. When both broken spatial symmetry and broken charge-conjugation symmetry are taken into account, a strong effect on the electronic structure of polyphenylene derivatives is found. In spite of the strong effect of the broken symmetries on the electronic structure, the effect on the optical-absorption spectrum is weak. This surprising result is a consequence of the subtle nature of the configuration interaction in the substituted polyphenylenes within Coulomb-correlated models. We demonstrate numerically an approximate sum rule that governs the strength of an absorption band at 3.7 eV in the absorption spectra of poly(para-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) derivatives. Although substitution can make a previously forbidden transition weakly allowed, the latter acquires strength from a "finite-size band" at about the same energy, and not from a higher-energy band at 4.7 eV, as has been previously claimed. It is further predicted that the 3.7-eV band is polarized predominantly along the polymer-chain axis. We have measured the polarization dependence of the optical absorption in an oriented-substituted PPV film. We found that the two lowest-energy absorption bands are polarized predominantly parallel to the chain axis, while the band at 4.7 eV is polarized predominantly perpendicular to the chain axis. These results are in excellent agreement with the theory.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics