We describe a relatively simple, but highly effective, approach to the system design and alignment of an all-refractive Offner null corrector and phase-measuring Shack cube interferometer. In addition we outline procedures for fabricating and testing the optical components. Allowable errors for all parameters are determined by a tolerance analysis that separates axisymmetric and residual figure errors. An open construction optics frame provides a high degree of metering flexibility by incorporating simple kinematic mounts that provide adjustment of each lens while also allowing the lens to be removed and replaced with < 2-pLm absolute repeatability. Nonaxisymmetric alignment errors are removed by rotating the optics on a high-precision bearing. Axial spacings are measured with contact transducers attached to both ends of an Invar metering rod. Two completed systems have guided the stressed-lap polishing of 1.8-m f/ 1.0 and 3.5-m f/ 1.5 aspheric mirrors.
- Null correctors
- Optical testing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering