Optimal disturbances for the supersonic flow past a sharp cone are computed to assess the effects due to flow divergence. This geometry is chosen because previously published studies on compressible optimal perturbations for flat plate and sphere could not isolate the influence of divergence alone, as many factors characterized the growth of disturbances on the sphere (flow divergence, pressure gradient, centrifugal forces, and dependence of the edge parameters on the local Mach number). Flow-divergence effects result in the presence of an optimal distance from the cone tip for which the optimal gain is the largest possible, showing that divergence effects are stronger in the proximity of the cone tip. By properly reseating the gain, wave number, and streamwise coordinate due to the fact that the boundary-layer thickness on the sharp cone is √3 thinner than the one over the flat plate, it is found that both the gain and the wave number compare fairly well. Moreover, results for the sharp cone collapse into those for the flat plate when the initial location for the computation tends to the final one and when the azimuthal wave number is very large. Results show also that a cold wall enhances transient growth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering