Optimal four-wheel steering strategy using nonlinear analytical vehicle models

Parviz E. Nikravesh, Jong Nyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This paper presents a systematic methodology and formulation for determining optimal strategies for four-wheel steering of vehicles. The methodology is based on multibody dynamics, design sensitivity, and optimization techniques, and is applicable to a wide variety of mechanical systems. The particular application discussed in this paper considers a vehicle model with four-wheel steering capability, and the presented methodology determines an optimal steering angle ratio strategy for the vehicle. It is shown that such a strategy can improve the ride stability of the vehicle, during a variety of maneuvers, when compared against similar strategies obtained from linearized and simplified vehicle models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSAE Technical Papers
StatePublished - 1993
Event7th International Pacific Conference and Exposition on Automotive Engineering - Phoenix, AZ, United States
Duration: Nov 15 1993Nov 19 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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