Optimization of vent configuration by evaluating greenhouse and plant canopy ventilation rates under wind-induced ventilation

Murat Kacira, S. Sase, L. Okushima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of greenhouse vent configurations, plant existence, and external wind speeds on ventilation rates and airflow patterns in a greenhouse and plant canopy zone under wind-induced ventilation were investigated. The optimization of traditional vent configuration for a two-span glasshouse for better air renewal, especially in the plant canopy zone, was attempted by three-dimensional numerical simulations using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. The realizable k-ε model was used for a turbulent model, and the existence of the plants in the greenhouse was modeled by a porous medium method. Prior to the optimization, the CFD model was verified with the results of an experimental study of natural ventilation. The CFD model adequately matched those results. The ventilation rates, both in the greenhouse and in the plant canopy zone, were proportional to external wind speed. Maximum greenhouse ventilation rates were achieved when rollup type side vents were used in the side walls and both side and roof vents were fully open (case 3). For example, the ventilation rate for this vent configuration was 6.03 m3 m-2 min-1 at an external wind speed of 1.5 m s-1. The greenhouse ventilation rate for this vent configuration was almost the same as when the butterfly-type side and roof vents were fully open (case 1). However, the use of a rollup side vent considerably improved the ventilation rate in the plant canopy zone. This showed that ventilation in the plant canopy zone was significantly affected by internal airflow patterns caused by different vent configurations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2059-2067
Number of pages9
JournalTransactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Volume47
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vents
Greenhouses
Ventilation
ventilation
canopy
greenhouses
wind speed
fluid mechanics
Hydrodynamics
computational fluid dynamics
air flow
dynamic models
Computational fluid dynamics
wind velocity
natural ventilation
greenhouse effect
Roofs
airflow
roof
Dynamic models

Keywords

  • CFD
  • Greenhouse design
  • Natural ventilation
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "The effects of greenhouse vent configurations, plant existence, and external wind speeds on ventilation rates and airflow patterns in a greenhouse and plant canopy zone under wind-induced ventilation were investigated. The optimization of traditional vent configuration for a two-span glasshouse for better air renewal, especially in the plant canopy zone, was attempted by three-dimensional numerical simulations using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. The realizable k-ε model was used for a turbulent model, and the existence of the plants in the greenhouse was modeled by a porous medium method. Prior to the optimization, the CFD model was verified with the results of an experimental study of natural ventilation. The CFD model adequately matched those results. The ventilation rates, both in the greenhouse and in the plant canopy zone, were proportional to external wind speed. Maximum greenhouse ventilation rates were achieved when rollup type side vents were used in the side walls and both side and roof vents were fully open (case 3). For example, the ventilation rate for this vent configuration was 6.03 m3 m-2 min-1 at an external wind speed of 1.5 m s-1. The greenhouse ventilation rate for this vent configuration was almost the same as when the butterfly-type side and roof vents were fully open (case 1). However, the use of a rollup side vent considerably improved the ventilation rate in the plant canopy zone. This showed that ventilation in the plant canopy zone was significantly affected by internal airflow patterns caused by different vent configurations.",
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N2 - The effects of greenhouse vent configurations, plant existence, and external wind speeds on ventilation rates and airflow patterns in a greenhouse and plant canopy zone under wind-induced ventilation were investigated. The optimization of traditional vent configuration for a two-span glasshouse for better air renewal, especially in the plant canopy zone, was attempted by three-dimensional numerical simulations using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. The realizable k-ε model was used for a turbulent model, and the existence of the plants in the greenhouse was modeled by a porous medium method. Prior to the optimization, the CFD model was verified with the results of an experimental study of natural ventilation. The CFD model adequately matched those results. The ventilation rates, both in the greenhouse and in the plant canopy zone, were proportional to external wind speed. Maximum greenhouse ventilation rates were achieved when rollup type side vents were used in the side walls and both side and roof vents were fully open (case 3). For example, the ventilation rate for this vent configuration was 6.03 m3 m-2 min-1 at an external wind speed of 1.5 m s-1. The greenhouse ventilation rate for this vent configuration was almost the same as when the butterfly-type side and roof vents were fully open (case 1). However, the use of a rollup side vent considerably improved the ventilation rate in the plant canopy zone. This showed that ventilation in the plant canopy zone was significantly affected by internal airflow patterns caused by different vent configurations.

AB - The effects of greenhouse vent configurations, plant existence, and external wind speeds on ventilation rates and airflow patterns in a greenhouse and plant canopy zone under wind-induced ventilation were investigated. The optimization of traditional vent configuration for a two-span glasshouse for better air renewal, especially in the plant canopy zone, was attempted by three-dimensional numerical simulations using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. The realizable k-ε model was used for a turbulent model, and the existence of the plants in the greenhouse was modeled by a porous medium method. Prior to the optimization, the CFD model was verified with the results of an experimental study of natural ventilation. The CFD model adequately matched those results. The ventilation rates, both in the greenhouse and in the plant canopy zone, were proportional to external wind speed. Maximum greenhouse ventilation rates were achieved when rollup type side vents were used in the side walls and both side and roof vents were fully open (case 3). For example, the ventilation rate for this vent configuration was 6.03 m3 m-2 min-1 at an external wind speed of 1.5 m s-1. The greenhouse ventilation rate for this vent configuration was almost the same as when the butterfly-type side and roof vents were fully open (case 1). However, the use of a rollup side vent considerably improved the ventilation rate in the plant canopy zone. This showed that ventilation in the plant canopy zone was significantly affected by internal airflow patterns caused by different vent configurations.

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