Optimizing frequency and pulse shape for ultrasound current source density imaging

Yexian Qin, Zhaohui Wang, Pier Ingram, Qian Li, Russell S Witte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electric field mapping is commonly used to identify irregular conduction pathways in the heart (e.g., arrhythmia) and brain (e.g., epilepsy). Ultrasound current source density imaging (UCSDI), based on the acoustoelectric (AE) effect, is a promising new technique for mapping electrical current in four dimensions with enhanced resolution. The frequency and pulse shape of the ultrasound beam affect the sensitivity and spatial resolution of UCSDI. In this study, we explore the effects of ultrasound transducer frequency bandwidth and coded excitation pulses for UCSDI and the inherent tradeoff between sensitivity and spatial resolution. We used both simulations and bench-top experiments to image a time-varying electrical dipole in 0.9% NaCl solution. To study the effects of ultrasound bandwidth, we chose two ultrasound transducers with different center frequencies (1.0 and 2.25 MHz). For coded excitation, we measured the AE voltage signal with different chirp excitations. As expected, higher bandwidth correlated with improved spatial resolution at the cost of sensitivity. On the other hand, chirp excitation significantly improved sensitivity (3.5 μV/mA) compared with conventional square pulse excitation (1.6 μV/mA) at 1 MHz. Pulse compression achieved spatial resolution similar to that obtained using square pulse excitation, demonstrating enhanced detection sensitivity without loss of resolution. Optimization of the time duration of the chirp pulse and frequency sweep rate can be further used to improve the quality of UCSDI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6327487
Pages (from-to)2149-2155
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Volume59
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

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Ultrasonics
Imaging techniques
spatial resolution
chirp
pulses
excitation
sensitivity
bandwidth
transducers
Bandwidth
epilepsy
arrhythmia
Transducers
Acoustoelectric effects
sweep frequency
pulse compression
tradeoffs
Pulse compression
seats
brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Optimizing frequency and pulse shape for ultrasound current source density imaging. / Qin, Yexian; Wang, Zhaohui; Ingram, Pier; Li, Qian; Witte, Russell S.

In: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, Vol. 59, No. 10, 6327487, 2012, p. 2149-2155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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