The best method for employment of phased chest and abdominal compression-decompression (Lifestick™) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has yet to be determined. Of particular concern with using this technique is the combining of ventilation with the phased compressions and decompressions. Twenty domestic swine (50 ± 1 kg) were equally divided into four groups. Following 10 min of untreated VF, CPR was begun. Group 1 received Lifestick™ (LS) CPR with only passive ventilation ('passive'); Group 2 received LS-CPR with synchronized positive pressure ventilations (ppv) at a chest compression ratio of 15:2 (15:2 S); Group 3 had LS-CPR with synchronized ppv at 5:1 (5:1 S); and Group 4 received LS-CPR with asynchronous ppv at 5:1 (5:1 A). Endpoints included hemodynamics, blood gases, minute ventilation, and 24 h outcome. Asynchronous ventilation (5:1 A) had significantly worse hemodynamics including aortic and right atrial systolic, aortic diastolic, and coronary perfusion pressures than the other groups (P < 0.05). Passive ventilation had the poorest arterial and mixed venous blood gases (P < 0.05), but did not differ from 15:2 S in minute ventilation produced (8 vs 10 l/min). No differences in outcome were seen. The ventilation technique combined with LS-CPR can make a significant difference in hemodynamics as well as ventilation. Optimizing other forms of basic and advanced cardiac life support through different ventilation methods deserves new consideration, including a re-examination of the current single rescuer recommendation of a 15:2 ratio. Optimal ventilation strategy when using the LS device at 60 compressions per min appears to be 5:1 S. Such data is important for conducting clinical trials with this new CPR adjunct.
- Advanced life support
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- Closed chest cardiac massage
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine