Orcadian distribution of proteins in urine from healthy Young men

E. L. Kanabrocki, J. A. Kanabrocki, R. B. Sothern, B. Futscher, S. Lampo, C. Cournoyer, M. E. Rubnitz, S. J. Zieher, J. Greco, D. L. Bushneli, T. H. Tsai, L. E. Scheving, J. H. Olwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Urine samples were collected at 3-hr intervals over a single 24-hr period from each of seven clinically healthy men who ranged in age from 21-25 years. Urines at each collection time were subsequently pooled using 20% of each volume and serially dialyzed against ammonium-barbituric acid buffer (pH 7.35 ± 0.02), using a cellulose membrane permeable to compounds of less than 12,000-14,000 molecular weight (mw). When the dialyzed portions were then analyzed for total proteins, the sum of proteins in eight pools amounted to 74 mg. A 1 ml aliquot of each pool, representing approximately 50 μg of proteins, was concentrated and reconstituted. Approximately 20 μg of reconstituted proteins were then subjected to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The stained gel was then scanned by laser densitometry and planimetry. Each aliquot revealed eight segments as identified by Coomassie and silver staining. Their molecular weights, estimated by extrapolation from concurrently run protein standards, and their total protein amounts were: 116,000 mw (9.44 mg), 91,000 mw (3.3 mg), 68,000 mw (11.58 mg), 53,000 mw (2.58 mg), 43,000 mw (9.12 mg), 32,000 mw (7.13 mg), 24,000 mw (4.52 mg) and 20,000 mw (5.27 mg). A statistically significant rhythm (P = 0.022 from ANOVA and 0.011 from Single Cosinor) was found for the excretion of total proteins, with an acrophase in the afternoon (1537) for these diurnally-active subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-443
Number of pages11
JournalChronobiology International
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • Circadian
  • Electrophoresis
  • Protein
  • Rhythm
  • Urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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