Orexin A-induced feeding is augmented by caloric challenge

A. J. Thorpe, J. A. Teske, C. M. Kotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Orexin neurons are stimulated by conditions that are glucoprivic, suggesting that orexin signaling may be increased during nutritional duress. We have previously shown that injection of orexin A (OxA) into the rostral lateral hypothalamic area (rLHa) robustly and dose-dependently increases feeding behavior. Thus we hypothesized that exogenous administration of orexin A would induce a greater feeding response after acute food deprivation or perceived caloric duress achieved through 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) administration. To test our hypothesis, male Sprague-Dawley rats implanted with internal guide cannulas directed to the rLHa were exposed to varying degrees of food deprivation (0, 3, 12, 24 h) and 2DG (200 mg/kg) before intra-rLHa OxA (500 pmol) infusion. We also performed a dose-response study using graded doses of OxA (0, 31.25, 125, and 500 pmol) in fed and 24-h fasted rats. OxA administration in conjunction with the highest level of prior food deprivation (24 h) resulted in the greatest feeding response (above baseline means; 0 h deprivation: 1.9 ± 0.6; 24 h deprivation: 4.4 ± 0.8; P = 0.0034) and showed a dose-dependent enhancement of feeding. Additionally, 2DG administration before OxA administration resulted in a significantly higher feeding response (above baseline means: 2DG = 1.8 ± 0.5; OxA = 1.8 ± 0.4; 2DG + OxA = 5.1 ± 0.6; P < 0.0001). These data support the hypothesis that orexin signaling may be important in modulating the feeding network under times of nutritional duress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R367-R372
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume289
Issue number2 58-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 2-Deoxyglucose
  • Food-deprivation
  • Hypocretin
  • Lateral hypothalamus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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