Orexin drives energy expenditure

Claudio Perez-Leighton, Jennifer A. Teske, Catherine M. Kotz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Orexins are involved in a variety of behaviors, including the ability to induce spontaneous physical activity (SPA). This type of activity includes all nonexercise physical activity (e.g., what could be considered restlessness) and represents an unconscious drive for movement. The calories expended via SPA are physiologically relevant to human energy balance and are controlled by a distributed brain network that includes several neural systems. The hypothalamic orexin neurons play a key role in generating SPA and NEAT (nonexercise activity thermogenesis or NEAT) (Kotz et al., 2008; Teske et al., 2008). These neural systems are yet to be fully described, but are attractive therapeutic targets for obesity prevention and/or treatment. In this review, we focus on evidence supporting a positive effect of orexins on energy expenditure through SPA, in the context of the potential for orexin to have a therapeutic role in obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Orexin/Hypocretin System
Subtitle of host publicationFunctional Roles and Therapeutic Potential
PublisherElsevier
Pages69-84
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780128137512
ISBN (Print)9780128137529
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Chemogenetics
  • Mice
  • Obesity
  • Optogenetics
  • Physical activity
  • Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Orexin drives energy expenditure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Perez-Leighton, C., Teske, J. A., & Kotz, C. M. (2019). Orexin drives energy expenditure. In The Orexin/Hypocretin System: Functional Roles and Therapeutic Potential (pp. 69-84). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-813751-2.00003-6