The title 1,4-piperazine-2,5-dione was synthesized in 23% yield over six steps from ethyl 2-amino-4,7-dimethoxyindan-2-carboxylate. Crystallization by slow diffusion of ether into a chloroform solution and by slow evaporation of an ethanol-chloroform-benzene solution produced polymorphic crystalline forms as determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The polymorphs exhibited different hydrogen-bonding networks. The association of this piperazinedione in solution was studied using mass spectrometric and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic techniques. The MS and NMR data were interpreted using the solid-state structures as models for solution aggregation. Association constants extracted from the NMR data are in line with those of other cyclic cis amides in chloroform solvent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry