Origin and evolution of valleys on Martian volcanoes

V. C. Gulick, Victor Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

160 Scopus citations


Morphological analyses of six Martian volcanoes, Ceraunius Tholus, Hecates Tholus, Alba Patera, Hadriaca Patera, Apollinaris Patera, and Tyrrhena Patera, indicate that fluvial processes were the dominant influence in the initiation and subsequent development of many dissecting valleys. Lava processes and possibly volcanic density flows were also important as valley-forming processes. The presence of anomalously young fluvial valleys on Alba Patera indicates that fluvial valley activity did not entirely cease near the end of late heavy bombardment but rather persisted in isolated regions until mid to late Amazonian. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Issue numberB9
Publication statusPublished - 1990


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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