Orphanin-fq/nociceptin

Lack of antinociceptive, hyperalgesic or allodynic effects in acute thermal or mechanical tests following intracerebroventricular or intrathecal administration to mice or rats

Todd W Vanderah, Robert B. Raffa, Jason Lashbrook, Andrew Burritt, Victor J Hruby, Frank Porreca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A recent review calls attention to the discrepant results resulting from studies that have examined the nociceptive or antinociceptive properties of orphanin-FQ/nociceptin (Phe-Gly-Gly-Phe-Thr-Gly-Ala-Arg-Lys-Ser-Ala-Arg-Lys- Leu-Ala-Asn-Gln; OFQ/N), the heptadecapeptide isolated from rat (nociceptin) and pig (orphanin FQ) brain that binds with high affinity to the opioid 'orphan' receptor (a seven transmembrane protein with sequence homology to opioid receptors), but exhibits only low affinity binding with conventional opioid ligands. Some of the discrepancy might result from differences in species, test, route of administration or time-course. We undertook a comprehensive examination of the effects of spinal (i.t.) or supraspinal (i.c.v.) administration of OFQ/N in mice and rats. Mice treated with OFQ/N either i.t. or i.c.v. demonstrated no significant nociceptive effect in the hot plate, warm-water or radiant heat tail-flick tests (except for the highest and most sedative dose of 10 nmol i.c.v. in the mouse warm-water tail-flick test). Pretreatment with the opioid antagonist naloxone or with peptidase inhibitors did not enhance the nociceptive effects of OFQ/N peptide in the warm-water tail-flick test. The motor activity in mice administered OFQ/N i.c.v. decreased significantly compared to controls. Rats administered i.c.v. or i.t. OFQ/N displayed no significant difference from vehicle- treated animals in similar noxious stimulus tests and OFQ/N-treated rats did not exhibit allodynia in a paw-withdrawal test. Overall, OFQ/N was ineffective in significantly altering response to noxious stimuli, regardless of whether the peptide was given at supraspinal or spinal sites in mice or in rats. In addition, i.c.v. or i.t. application of antisense or mismatch ODN to the orphan receptor did not modify tail-flick latency in either mice or rats, arguing against a tonic nociceptive tone mediated via the OFQ/N receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-280
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Pain
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Hot Temperature
Tail
Opioid Receptors
Water
Amino Acid Sequence Homology
Orphaned Children
Narcotic Antagonists
Hyperalgesia
Naloxone
Protease Inhibitors
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Opioid Analgesics
nociceptin
Motor Activity
Swine
Ligands
Peptides
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

@article{0b8df57c34b146abb3737f5cf083d93f,
title = "Orphanin-fq/nociceptin: Lack of antinociceptive, hyperalgesic or allodynic effects in acute thermal or mechanical tests following intracerebroventricular or intrathecal administration to mice or rats",
abstract = "A recent review calls attention to the discrepant results resulting from studies that have examined the nociceptive or antinociceptive properties of orphanin-FQ/nociceptin (Phe-Gly-Gly-Phe-Thr-Gly-Ala-Arg-Lys-Ser-Ala-Arg-Lys- Leu-Ala-Asn-Gln; OFQ/N), the heptadecapeptide isolated from rat (nociceptin) and pig (orphanin FQ) brain that binds with high affinity to the opioid 'orphan' receptor (a seven transmembrane protein with sequence homology to opioid receptors), but exhibits only low affinity binding with conventional opioid ligands. Some of the discrepancy might result from differences in species, test, route of administration or time-course. We undertook a comprehensive examination of the effects of spinal (i.t.) or supraspinal (i.c.v.) administration of OFQ/N in mice and rats. Mice treated with OFQ/N either i.t. or i.c.v. demonstrated no significant nociceptive effect in the hot plate, warm-water or radiant heat tail-flick tests (except for the highest and most sedative dose of 10 nmol i.c.v. in the mouse warm-water tail-flick test). Pretreatment with the opioid antagonist naloxone or with peptidase inhibitors did not enhance the nociceptive effects of OFQ/N peptide in the warm-water tail-flick test. The motor activity in mice administered OFQ/N i.c.v. decreased significantly compared to controls. Rats administered i.c.v. or i.t. OFQ/N displayed no significant difference from vehicle- treated animals in similar noxious stimulus tests and OFQ/N-treated rats did not exhibit allodynia in a paw-withdrawal test. Overall, OFQ/N was ineffective in significantly altering response to noxious stimuli, regardless of whether the peptide was given at supraspinal or spinal sites in mice or in rats. In addition, i.c.v. or i.t. application of antisense or mismatch ODN to the orphan receptor did not modify tail-flick latency in either mice or rats, arguing against a tonic nociceptive tone mediated via the OFQ/N receptor.",
author = "Vanderah, {Todd W} and Raffa, {Robert B.} and Jason Lashbrook and Andrew Burritt and Hruby, {Victor J} and Frank Porreca",
year = "1998",
doi = "10.1016/S1090-3801(98)90023-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "267--280",
journal = "European Journal of Pain",
issn = "1090-3801",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Orphanin-fq/nociceptin

T2 - Lack of antinociceptive, hyperalgesic or allodynic effects in acute thermal or mechanical tests following intracerebroventricular or intrathecal administration to mice or rats

AU - Vanderah, Todd W

AU - Raffa, Robert B.

AU - Lashbrook, Jason

AU - Burritt, Andrew

AU - Hruby, Victor J

AU - Porreca, Frank

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - A recent review calls attention to the discrepant results resulting from studies that have examined the nociceptive or antinociceptive properties of orphanin-FQ/nociceptin (Phe-Gly-Gly-Phe-Thr-Gly-Ala-Arg-Lys-Ser-Ala-Arg-Lys- Leu-Ala-Asn-Gln; OFQ/N), the heptadecapeptide isolated from rat (nociceptin) and pig (orphanin FQ) brain that binds with high affinity to the opioid 'orphan' receptor (a seven transmembrane protein with sequence homology to opioid receptors), but exhibits only low affinity binding with conventional opioid ligands. Some of the discrepancy might result from differences in species, test, route of administration or time-course. We undertook a comprehensive examination of the effects of spinal (i.t.) or supraspinal (i.c.v.) administration of OFQ/N in mice and rats. Mice treated with OFQ/N either i.t. or i.c.v. demonstrated no significant nociceptive effect in the hot plate, warm-water or radiant heat tail-flick tests (except for the highest and most sedative dose of 10 nmol i.c.v. in the mouse warm-water tail-flick test). Pretreatment with the opioid antagonist naloxone or with peptidase inhibitors did not enhance the nociceptive effects of OFQ/N peptide in the warm-water tail-flick test. The motor activity in mice administered OFQ/N i.c.v. decreased significantly compared to controls. Rats administered i.c.v. or i.t. OFQ/N displayed no significant difference from vehicle- treated animals in similar noxious stimulus tests and OFQ/N-treated rats did not exhibit allodynia in a paw-withdrawal test. Overall, OFQ/N was ineffective in significantly altering response to noxious stimuli, regardless of whether the peptide was given at supraspinal or spinal sites in mice or in rats. In addition, i.c.v. or i.t. application of antisense or mismatch ODN to the orphan receptor did not modify tail-flick latency in either mice or rats, arguing against a tonic nociceptive tone mediated via the OFQ/N receptor.

AB - A recent review calls attention to the discrepant results resulting from studies that have examined the nociceptive or antinociceptive properties of orphanin-FQ/nociceptin (Phe-Gly-Gly-Phe-Thr-Gly-Ala-Arg-Lys-Ser-Ala-Arg-Lys- Leu-Ala-Asn-Gln; OFQ/N), the heptadecapeptide isolated from rat (nociceptin) and pig (orphanin FQ) brain that binds with high affinity to the opioid 'orphan' receptor (a seven transmembrane protein with sequence homology to opioid receptors), but exhibits only low affinity binding with conventional opioid ligands. Some of the discrepancy might result from differences in species, test, route of administration or time-course. We undertook a comprehensive examination of the effects of spinal (i.t.) or supraspinal (i.c.v.) administration of OFQ/N in mice and rats. Mice treated with OFQ/N either i.t. or i.c.v. demonstrated no significant nociceptive effect in the hot plate, warm-water or radiant heat tail-flick tests (except for the highest and most sedative dose of 10 nmol i.c.v. in the mouse warm-water tail-flick test). Pretreatment with the opioid antagonist naloxone or with peptidase inhibitors did not enhance the nociceptive effects of OFQ/N peptide in the warm-water tail-flick test. The motor activity in mice administered OFQ/N i.c.v. decreased significantly compared to controls. Rats administered i.c.v. or i.t. OFQ/N displayed no significant difference from vehicle- treated animals in similar noxious stimulus tests and OFQ/N-treated rats did not exhibit allodynia in a paw-withdrawal test. Overall, OFQ/N was ineffective in significantly altering response to noxious stimuli, regardless of whether the peptide was given at supraspinal or spinal sites in mice or in rats. In addition, i.c.v. or i.t. application of antisense or mismatch ODN to the orphan receptor did not modify tail-flick latency in either mice or rats, arguing against a tonic nociceptive tone mediated via the OFQ/N receptor.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031685394&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031685394&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S1090-3801(98)90023-4

DO - 10.1016/S1090-3801(98)90023-4

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 267

EP - 280

JO - European Journal of Pain

JF - European Journal of Pain

SN - 1090-3801

IS - 3

ER -