Orthographic structure versus morphological structure: Principles of lexical organization in a given language

Ram Frost, Tamar Kugler, Avital Deutsch, Kenneth I. Forster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most models of visual word recognition in alphabetic orthographies assume that words are lexically organized according to orthographic similarity. Support for this is provided by form-priming experiments that demonstrate robust facilitation when primes and targets share similar sequences of letters. The authors examined form-orthographic priming effects in Hebrew, Arabic, and English. Hebrew and Arabic have an alphabetic writing system but a Semitic morphological structure. Hebrew morphemic units are composed of noncontiguous phonemic (and letter) sequences in a given word. Results demonstrate that form-priming effects in Hebrew or Arabic are unreliable, whereas morphological priming effects with minimal letter overlap are robust. Hebrew bilingual subjects, by contrast, showed robust form-priming effects with English material, suggesting that Semitic words are lexically organized by morphological rather than orthographic principles. The authors conclude that morphology can constrain lexical organization even in alphabetic orthographies and that visual processing of words is first determined by morphological characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1293-1326
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

Keywords

  • Form priming
  • Lexical organization
  • Morphology
  • Orthography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

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