Zernike polynomials provide a well known, orthogonal set of scalar functions over a circular domain, and are commonly used to represent wavefront phase or surface irregularity. A related set of orthogonal functions is given here which represent vector quantities, such as mapping distortion or wavefront gradient. Previously, we have developed a basis of functions generated from gradients of Zernike polynomials. Here, we complete the basis by adding a complementary set of functions with zero divergence - those which are defined locally as a rotation or curl.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics