Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and coincident heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) may constitute a distinct HFpEF phenotype. Osteopontin (OPN) is a biomarker of HFpEF and predictive of disease outcome. We recently reported that OPN blockade reversed hypertension, mitochondrial dysfunction, and kidney failure in Col4a3−/− mice, a model of human Alport syndrome. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify potential OPN targets in biopsies of HF patients, healthy control subjects, and human induced pluripotent stem cell–derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs), and to characterize the cardiac phenotype of Col4a3−/− mice, relate this to HFpEF, and investigate possible causative roles for OPN in driving the cardiomyopathy. Methods: OGDHL mRNA and protein were quantified in myocardial samples from patients with HFpEF, heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, and donor control subjects. OGDHL expression was quantified in hiPS-CMs treated with or without anti-OPN antibody. Cardiac parameters were evaluated in Col4a3−/− mice with and without global OPN knockout or AAV9-mediated delivery of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase-like (Ogdhl) to the heart. Results: OGDHL mRNA and protein displayed abnormal abundances in cardiac biopsies of HFpEF (n = 17) compared with donor control subjects (n = 12; p < 0.01) or heart failure with reduced ejection fraction patients (n = 12; p < 0.05). Blockade of OPN in hiPS-CMs conferred increased OGDHL expression. Col4a3−/− mice demonstrated cardiomyopathy with similarities to HFpEF, including diastolic dysfunction, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, pulmonary edema, and impaired mitochondrial function. The cardiomyopathy was ameliorated by Opn−/− coincident with improved renal function and increased expression of Ogdhl. Heart-specific overexpression of Ogdhl in Col4a3−/− mice also improved cardiac function and cardiomyocyte energy state. Conclusions: Col4a3−/− mice present a model of HFpEF secondary to CKD wherein OPN and OGDHL are intermediates, and possibly therapeutic targets.
- Alport syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine