Purpose: Amplification and deletion of the TOP2A gene have been reported as positive predictive markers of response to anthracycline-based therapy. We determined the status of the HER2 and TOP2A genes in a large cohort of breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant doxorubicin (A) and cyclophosphamide (C). Patients and Methods: TOP2A/CEP17 and HER2/CEP17 fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed on tissue microarrays (TMAs) constructed from 2,123 of the 3,125 women with moderate-risk primary breast cancer who received equivalent doses of either concurrent adjuvant chemotherapy with A plus C (n = 1,592) or sequential A followed by C (n = 1,533). Results: An abnormal TOP2A genotype was identified for 153 (9.4%) of 1,626 patients (4.0% amplified; 5.4% deleted). An abnormal HER2 genotype was identified for 303 (20.4%) of 1,483 patients (18.8% amplified; 1.6% deleted). No significant differences in either overall survival (OS) or disease-free survival (DFS) were identified for TOP2A. In univariate analysis, OS and DFS rates were strongly and adversely associated only with higher levels of HER2 amplification (ratio ≥ 4.0). Survival was not associated with low-level HER2 amplification (ratio ≥ 2; OS hazard ratio [HR], 1.14; P = .39; DFS HR, 1.07; P = .62), but it was associated for a ratio ≥ 4 (OS HR, 1.45; P = .03; DFS HR, 1.38; P = .033), in which analysis was adjusted for menopausal status, hormone receptor status, treatment, number of positive nodes, and tumor size. Conclusion: In this population of patients with early-stage breast cancer who were treated with adjuvant AC chemotherapy, TOP2A abnormalities were not associated with outcome. HER2 high-level amplification was a prognostic marker in anthracycline-treated patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research