Overexpression of p53 due to excess protein O-GlcNAcylation is associated with coronary microvascular disease in type 2 diabetes

Rui Si, Qian Zhang, Atsumi Tsuji-Hosokawa, Makiko Watanabe, Conor Willson, Ning Lai, Jian Wang, Anzhi Dai, Brian T. Scott, Wolfgang H. Dillmann, Jason X.J. Yuan, Ayako Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIMS: We previously reported that increased protein O-GlcNAcylation in diabetic mice led to vascular rarefaction in the heart. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether and how coronary endothelial cell (EC) apoptosis is enhanced by protein O-GlcNAcylation and thus induces coronary microvascular disease (CMD) and subsequent cardiac dysfunction in diabetes. We hypothesize that excessive protein O-GlcNAcylation increases p53 that leads to CMD and reduced cardiac contractility. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted in vivo functional experiments in control mice, TALLYHO/Jng (TH) mice, a polygenic type 2 diabetic (T2D) model, and EC-specific O-GlcNAcase (OGA, an enzyme that catalyzes the removal of O-GlcNAc from proteins)-overexpressing TH mice, as well as in vitro experiments in isolated ECs from these mice. TH mice exhibited a significant increase in coronary EC apoptosis and reduction of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR), an assessment of coronary microvascular function, in comparison to wild-type mice. The decreased CFVR, due at least partially to EC apoptosis, was associated with decreased cardiac contractility in TH mice. Western blot experiments showed that p53 protein level was significantly higher in coronary ECs from TH mice and T2D patients than in control ECs. High glucose treatment also increased p53 protein level in control ECs. Furthermore, overexpression of OGA decreased protein O-GlcNAcylation and down-regulated p53 in coronary ECs, and conferred a protective effect on cardiac function in TH mice. Inhibition of p53 with pifithrin-α attenuated coronary EC apoptosis and restored CFVR and cardiac contractility in TH mice. CONCLUSIONS: The data from this study indicate that inhibition of p53 or down-regulation of p53 by OGA overexpression attenuates coronary EC apoptosis and improves CFVR and cardiac function in diabetes. Lowering coronary endothelial p53 levels via OGA overexpression could be a potential therapeutic approach for CMD in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1186-1198
Number of pages13
JournalCardiovascular research
Volume116
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Capillaries
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary blood flow
  • Coronary microcirculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Si, R., Zhang, Q., Tsuji-Hosokawa, A., Watanabe, M., Willson, C., Lai, N., Wang, J., Dai, A., Scott, B. T., Dillmann, W. H., Yuan, J. X. J., & Makino, A. (2020). Overexpression of p53 due to excess protein O-GlcNAcylation is associated with coronary microvascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular research, 116(6), 1186-1198. https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvz216