OWN: Optical and Wireless Network-on-Chip for Kilo-core Architectures

Md Ashif I Sikder, Avinash K. Kodi, Matthew Kennedy, Savas Kaya, Ahmed Louri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As technology scaling is already enabling the integration of tens of hundreds of cores on a single chip, kilo-core chip multiprocessors (CMPs) are expected to be available within a decade. However, metallic-based on-chip interconnects may not scale to support kilo-core architectures due to increased hop count, high power dissipation, and increased latency. Emerging technologies such as silicon-photonics and wireless interconnects are under serious consideration as they show promising results for power-efficient, low-latency, and scalable on-chip interconnects. However, photonic technology suffers from scalability issues due to high component cost and complex arbitration while wireless technology lacks sufficient bandwidth for on-chip communication. In this paper, we propose an architecture called Optical-Wireless Network-on-Chip (OWN) that leverages the advantages of wireless and photonic technologies while circumventing the disadvantages of these two emerging technologies. Kilo-core OWN is designed such that one-hop photonic interconnect is used up to 64 cores (called a cluster). For communication beyond a cluster, one-hop wireless interconnect is proposed to enhance scalability. Both wireless and photonic bandwidths are efficiently shared using time division multiplexing (TDM). Moreover, packets routed across technologies are guaranteed to be deadlock-free. Our area results indicate that OWN requires 34% more area than hybrid-wireless architectures and 35.5% less area than photonic architectures. The energy/bit for OWN is 30.36% less than wireless and 13.99% more than photonic architecture. OWN demonstrates higher saturation throughput when compared to wired, wireless, and photonic technologies for synthetic network traffic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE 23rd Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages44-51
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781467391603
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2015
Event23rd IEEE Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015 - Santa Clara, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2015Aug 28 2015

Other

Other23rd IEEE Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySanta Clara
Period8/26/158/28/15

Fingerprint

Fiber optic networks
Photonics
Wireless networks
Scalability
Bandwidth
Time division multiplexing
Network-on-chip
Communication
Telecommunication traffic
Energy dissipation
Throughput
Silicon
Costs

Keywords

  • Optical fiber communication
  • Optical modulation
  • Optical transmitters
  • Optical waveguides
  • Photonics
  • System recovery
  • Wireless communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture

Cite this

Sikder, M. A. I., Kodi, A. K., Kennedy, M., Kaya, S., & Louri, A. (2015). OWN: Optical and Wireless Network-on-Chip for Kilo-core Architectures. In Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 23rd Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015 (pp. 44-51). [7312666] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/HOTI.2015.14

OWN : Optical and Wireless Network-on-Chip for Kilo-core Architectures. / Sikder, Md Ashif I; Kodi, Avinash K.; Kennedy, Matthew; Kaya, Savas; Louri, Ahmed.

Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 23rd Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2015. p. 44-51 7312666.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sikder, MAI, Kodi, AK, Kennedy, M, Kaya, S & Louri, A 2015, OWN: Optical and Wireless Network-on-Chip for Kilo-core Architectures. in Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 23rd Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015., 7312666, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 44-51, 23rd IEEE Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015, Santa Clara, United States, 8/26/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/HOTI.2015.14
Sikder MAI, Kodi AK, Kennedy M, Kaya S, Louri A. OWN: Optical and Wireless Network-on-Chip for Kilo-core Architectures. In Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 23rd Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2015. p. 44-51. 7312666 https://doi.org/10.1109/HOTI.2015.14
Sikder, Md Ashif I ; Kodi, Avinash K. ; Kennedy, Matthew ; Kaya, Savas ; Louri, Ahmed. / OWN : Optical and Wireless Network-on-Chip for Kilo-core Architectures. Proceedings - 2015 IEEE 23rd Annual Symposium on High-Performance Interconnects, HOTI 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2015. pp. 44-51
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abstract = "As technology scaling is already enabling the integration of tens of hundreds of cores on a single chip, kilo-core chip multiprocessors (CMPs) are expected to be available within a decade. However, metallic-based on-chip interconnects may not scale to support kilo-core architectures due to increased hop count, high power dissipation, and increased latency. Emerging technologies such as silicon-photonics and wireless interconnects are under serious consideration as they show promising results for power-efficient, low-latency, and scalable on-chip interconnects. However, photonic technology suffers from scalability issues due to high component cost and complex arbitration while wireless technology lacks sufficient bandwidth for on-chip communication. In this paper, we propose an architecture called Optical-Wireless Network-on-Chip (OWN) that leverages the advantages of wireless and photonic technologies while circumventing the disadvantages of these two emerging technologies. Kilo-core OWN is designed such that one-hop photonic interconnect is used up to 64 cores (called a cluster). For communication beyond a cluster, one-hop wireless interconnect is proposed to enhance scalability. Both wireless and photonic bandwidths are efficiently shared using time division multiplexing (TDM). Moreover, packets routed across technologies are guaranteed to be deadlock-free. Our area results indicate that OWN requires 34{\%} more area than hybrid-wireless architectures and 35.5{\%} less area than photonic architectures. The energy/bit for OWN is 30.36{\%} less than wireless and 13.99{\%} more than photonic architecture. OWN demonstrates higher saturation throughput when compared to wired, wireless, and photonic technologies for synthetic network traffic.",
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