Oxidative stabilization of acrylic fibres - Part 2 Stabilization dynamics

S. B. Warner, L. H. Peebles, D. R. Uhlmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

As acrylic fibres are heated in air to induce the stabilization reactions, the tension developed when stabilized at constant length and the instantaneous velocity of stabilizing fibres undergoing continuous processing both depend on the chemical composition, diameter, and orientation of the precursor fibre. An orientated fibre will tend to shrink when heated in the range 130 to 160° C, and hence will develop tension if restrained at constant length. Although this process has no direct relation to the stabilization process, it will influence the instantaneous velocity of the fibre during the later stages of continuous processing. As a fibre held at constant length is heated above 160° C the tension developed by entropic relaxation decreases and the fibre starts to undergo the prefatory and sequent reactions of stabilization described in a previous paper. If the prefatory reactions are rapid, a rigid structure is quickly established in the fibre and tension again increases rapidly. However, if the prefatory reactions are slow, select portions of the fibre react preferentially and the unreacted portions tend to relax to maintain a temporary quasi-equilibrium tension level. In both cases the fibres shrink at the later stages of stabilization because of chemical reactions. The shape of the tension-time curve is similar to the oxygen-uptake curves: The diffusion-limited mechanism of stabilization produces parabolic curves whereas the reaction-limited mechanism produces linear curves. Because each element of a fibre undergoing processing is subjected to the same tension at all times, previously orientated fibres first shrink, then stretch, and finally shrink again. These competing processes give rise to a changing instantaneous velocity. Data are presented for fibres of varying chemical composition, diameter, and initial orientation as well as for different conditions of stabilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-572
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1979
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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