Oxygen ions observed near Saturn's A ring

J. H. Waite, T. E. Cravens, W. H. Ip, W. T. Kasprzak, J. G. Luhmann, R. L. McNutt, H. B. Niemann, R. V. Yelle, I. Mueller-Wodarg, S. A. Ledvina, S. Scherer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ions were detected in the vicinity of Saturn's A ring by the Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (INMS) instrument onboard the Cassini Orbiter during the spacecraft's passage over the rings. The INMS saw signatures of molecular and atomic oxygen ions and of protons, thus demonstrating the existence of an ionosphere associated with the A ring. A likely explanation for these ions is photoionization by solar ultraviolet radiation of neutral O2 molecules associated with a tenuous ring atmosphere. INMS neutral measurements made during the ring encounter are dominated by a background signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1260-1262
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume307
Issue number5713
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Waite, J. H., Cravens, T. E., Ip, W. H., Kasprzak, W. T., Luhmann, J. G., McNutt, R. L., Niemann, H. B., Yelle, R. V., Mueller-Wodarg, I., Ledvina, S. A., & Scherer, S. (2005). Oxygen ions observed near Saturn's A ring. Science, 307(5713), 1260-1262. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1105734