Background Health effects of ozone have been observed in numerous studies. However, analyses of more causespecific morbidity or mortality outcomes have rarely been performed. A study was undertaken to determine the short-term associations of ozone with cause-specific cardiorespiratory mortality and morbidity by age group. Methods Dailylevels of ozone were measured at a background measurement station in1998-2004 in Helsinki, Finland. All analyses were a priori restricted to the warm season. Daily cause-specific cardiorespiratory mortality and hospital admissions were studied in elderly people ($65 years) and adults (15-64 years) and associations betweenozone andasthmaemergency room visits in children (<15 years) were analysed. All models were adjusted for PM2.5 and Poisson regression was usedfor the analyses. Results There was a positive association between ozone and admissions for asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) in elderly people (9.6%; 95% CI 2.0% to 17.8% at 0-day lag for 25mg/m3 increase in ozone). Consistent associations were also found between ozone and asthma emergency room visits in children (12.6%;95%CI0.8% to 25.1%, 0-day lag). There was a suggestion of an association between ozone and admissions for arrhythmia among elderly people (6.4%; 95% CI 0.63% to 12.5%, 1-day lag), which was slightly confoundedby PM2.5. Conclusions Positive associations were found for ambientozone with asthma visits among children and with pooled asthma/COPD admissions among elderly people. The evidence for a positive association between ozone and cardiovascular health was weaker.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health