A microscopic approach is developed to determine the excitation energetics of highly correlated quasi-particles in optically excited semiconductors based entirely on a pair-correlation function input. For this purpose, the Wannier equation is generalized to compute the energy per excited electron-hole pair of a many-body state probed by a weak pair excitation. The scheme is verified for the degenerate Fermi gas and incoherent excitons. In a certain range of experimentally accessible parameters, a new stable quasi-particle state is predicted which consists of four to six electron-hole pairs forming a liquid droplet of fixed radius. The energetics and pair-correlation features of these 'quantum droplets' are analyzed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)