Paleo-Asian oceanic slab under the North China craton revealed by carbonatites derived from subducted limestones

Chunfei Chen, Yongsheng Liu, Stephen F. Foley, Mihai N Ducea, Detao He, Zhaochu Hu, Wei Chen, Keqing Zong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

It is widely accepted that the lithospheric mantle under the North China craton (NCC) has undergone comprehensive refertilization due to input from surrounding subducted slabs. However, the possible contribution from the Paleo-Asian oceanic slab to the north is poorly constrained, largely because of the lack of convincing evidence for the existence of this slab under the NCC. We report here carbonatite intruding Neogene alkali basalts in the Hannuoba region, close to the northern margin of the NCC. Trace element patterns with positive Sr and U anomalies, negative high field strength elements (Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf, and Ti) and Ce anomalies, high 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.70522-0.70796), and high δ18OSMOW (standard mean ocean water) values (22.2‰-23‰) indicate that this carbonatite had a limestone precursor. However, the presence of coarse-grained mantle-derived clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, and olivine, and chemical features of the carbonates suggest that the carbonate melts were derived from the mantle. The carbonates have high 143Nd/144Nd ratios (0.51282-0.51298) and show negative correlation between CaO and Ni contents, resulting from reaction between carbonate melt and peridotite. Considering the regional tectonic setting, the carbonatite probably formed by melting of subducted sedimentary carbonate rocks that formed part of the Paleo-Asian oceanic slab, and thus could provide the first direct evidence for the presence of the Paleo- Asian oceanic slab beneath the NCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1042
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume44
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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craton
slab
limestone
carbonatite
carbonate
mantle
melt
anomaly
alkali basalt
orthopyroxene
carbonate rock
peridotite
tectonic setting
clinopyroxene
Neogene
sedimentary rock
olivine
melting
trace element
ocean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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Paleo-Asian oceanic slab under the North China craton revealed by carbonatites derived from subducted limestones. / Chen, Chunfei; Liu, Yongsheng; Foley, Stephen F.; Ducea, Mihai N; He, Detao; Hu, Zhaochu; Chen, Wei; Zong, Keqing.

In: Geology, Vol. 44, No. 12, 2016, p. 1039-1042.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Chunfei ; Liu, Yongsheng ; Foley, Stephen F. ; Ducea, Mihai N ; He, Detao ; Hu, Zhaochu ; Chen, Wei ; Zong, Keqing. / Paleo-Asian oceanic slab under the North China craton revealed by carbonatites derived from subducted limestones. In: Geology. 2016 ; Vol. 44, No. 12. pp. 1039-1042.
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