The Paleolithic prehistory of Turkey is potentially of enormous interest to paleoanthropologists. Anatolia is the most direct land route into Europe from the Levantine corridor and, more distally, from Africa. Repeated movements of human populations from Africa into Eurasia, and perhaps In the opposite direction as well, reconstructed on the basis of genetic evidence, 1-6 would surely have left traces in the archeological record of Anatolia. In principle, the spread of exogenous populations through the Anatolian peninsula in the past should be reflected in the appearance of new kinds of archeological complexes with evidence of links to population sources in the south (the Levant and Africa). Gene flow, occurring as a result of increased interaction between more established populations, would have a different archeological signature.
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