Paleolithic population growth pulses evidenced by small animal exploitation

Mary C Stiner, Natalie D. Munro, Todd A. Surovell, Eitan Tchernov, Ofer Bar-Yosef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

324 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Variations in small game hunting along the northern and eastern rims of the Mediterranean Sea and results from predator-prey simulation modeling indicate that human population densities increased abruptly during the late Middle Paleolithic and again during the Upper and Epi-Paleolithic periods. The demographic pulses are evidenced by increasing reliance on agile, fast- reproducing partridges, hares, and rabbits at the expense of slow- reproducing but easily caught tortoises and marine shellfish and, concurrently, climate-independent size diminution in tortoises and shellfish. The results indicate that human populations of the early Middle Paleolithic were exceptionally small and highly dispersed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-194
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume283
Issue number5399
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 8 1999

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Paleolithic
population growth
shellfish
animal
hunting
population density
predator
climate
modeling
simulation
human population
tortoise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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Stiner, M. C., Munro, N. D., Surovell, T. A., Tchernov, E., & Bar-Yosef, O. (1999). Paleolithic population growth pulses evidenced by small animal exploitation. Science, 283(5399), 190-194. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.283.5399.190

Paleolithic population growth pulses evidenced by small animal exploitation. / Stiner, Mary C; Munro, Natalie D.; Surovell, Todd A.; Tchernov, Eitan; Bar-Yosef, Ofer.

In: Science, Vol. 283, No. 5399, 08.01.1999, p. 190-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stiner, MC, Munro, ND, Surovell, TA, Tchernov, E & Bar-Yosef, O 1999, 'Paleolithic population growth pulses evidenced by small animal exploitation', Science, vol. 283, no. 5399, pp. 190-194. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.283.5399.190
Stiner, Mary C ; Munro, Natalie D. ; Surovell, Todd A. ; Tchernov, Eitan ; Bar-Yosef, Ofer. / Paleolithic population growth pulses evidenced by small animal exploitation. In: Science. 1999 ; Vol. 283, No. 5399. pp. 190-194.
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