Paleomagnetism and geochronology of the Ecstall pluton in the Coast Mountains of British Columbia: Evidence for local deformation rather than large-scale transport

Robert F. Butler, George E Gehrels, Suzanne L. Baldwin, Cameron Davidson

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Abstract

Samples for geochronologic, geobarometric, and paleomagnetic analyses were collected across the northern portion of the Ecstall pluton southeast of Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Al-in-hornblende geobarometry indicates pressures from 740 ± 10 to 840 ± 30 MPa corresponding to crystallization depths of ~25 to ~30 km. U/Pb analyses of zircons from western, central, and eastern localities within the pluton yield crystallization ages of 91.5 ± 1.0 Ma, 90.8 ± 1.0 Ma, and 90.5 ± 1.0 Ma, respectively. Rock magnetic experiments, reflected light microscopy, and thermal demagnetization behavior suggest that natural remanent magnetism is carried by low-Ti titanohematite. Unblocking temperatures of the characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) are dominantly in the 560°C to 630°C range, with age of magnetization approximated by the 40 Ar/39 Ar hornblende ages of 84.2 ± 0.10 Ma on the western margin and 76.4 ± 0.6 Ma in the center of the pluton. Site-mean ChRM directions were isolated for paleomagnetic samples from 23 sites and are distributed along a small circle with subhorizontal axis at ~340° azimuth. ChRM directions from the central portion of the pluton are concordant with the expected Cretaceous magnetic field direction, while ChRM directions from the western margin are discordant by >70°. Folding of the Ecstall pluton, either during Late Cretaceous west directed thrust transport above the convex upward Prince Rupert Shear Zone or during younger deformation of the pluton and underlying shear zone, can account for the paleomagnetic data and is consistent with the geochronologic, geobarometric, and structural geologic observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume107
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Geochronology
paleomagnetism
British Columbia
geochronology
coasts
mountains
pluton
Coastal zones
Magnetization
remanent magnetization
magnetization
mountain
coast
Crystallization
margins
hornblende
shear zone
crystallization
shear
Demagnetization

Keywords

  • British Columbia
  • Cretaceous
  • Paleomagnetism
  • Tectonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Oceanography

Cite this

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title = "Paleomagnetism and geochronology of the Ecstall pluton in the Coast Mountains of British Columbia: Evidence for local deformation rather than large-scale transport",
abstract = "Samples for geochronologic, geobarometric, and paleomagnetic analyses were collected across the northern portion of the Ecstall pluton southeast of Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Al-in-hornblende geobarometry indicates pressures from 740 ± 10 to 840 ± 30 MPa corresponding to crystallization depths of ~25 to ~30 km. U/Pb analyses of zircons from western, central, and eastern localities within the pluton yield crystallization ages of 91.5 ± 1.0 Ma, 90.8 ± 1.0 Ma, and 90.5 ± 1.0 Ma, respectively. Rock magnetic experiments, reflected light microscopy, and thermal demagnetization behavior suggest that natural remanent magnetism is carried by low-Ti titanohematite. Unblocking temperatures of the characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) are dominantly in the 560°C to 630°C range, with age of magnetization approximated by the 40 Ar/39 Ar hornblende ages of 84.2 ± 0.10 Ma on the western margin and 76.4 ± 0.6 Ma in the center of the pluton. Site-mean ChRM directions were isolated for paleomagnetic samples from 23 sites and are distributed along a small circle with subhorizontal axis at ~340° azimuth. ChRM directions from the central portion of the pluton are concordant with the expected Cretaceous magnetic field direction, while ChRM directions from the western margin are discordant by >70°. Folding of the Ecstall pluton, either during Late Cretaceous west directed thrust transport above the convex upward Prince Rupert Shear Zone or during younger deformation of the pluton and underlying shear zone, can account for the paleomagnetic data and is consistent with the geochronologic, geobarometric, and structural geologic observations.",
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author = "Butler, {Robert F.} and Gehrels, {George E} and Baldwin, {Suzanne L.} and Cameron Davidson",
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T1 - Paleomagnetism and geochronology of the Ecstall pluton in the Coast Mountains of British Columbia

T2 - Evidence for local deformation rather than large-scale transport

AU - Butler, Robert F.

AU - Gehrels, George E

AU - Baldwin, Suzanne L.

AU - Davidson, Cameron

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Samples for geochronologic, geobarometric, and paleomagnetic analyses were collected across the northern portion of the Ecstall pluton southeast of Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Al-in-hornblende geobarometry indicates pressures from 740 ± 10 to 840 ± 30 MPa corresponding to crystallization depths of ~25 to ~30 km. U/Pb analyses of zircons from western, central, and eastern localities within the pluton yield crystallization ages of 91.5 ± 1.0 Ma, 90.8 ± 1.0 Ma, and 90.5 ± 1.0 Ma, respectively. Rock magnetic experiments, reflected light microscopy, and thermal demagnetization behavior suggest that natural remanent magnetism is carried by low-Ti titanohematite. Unblocking temperatures of the characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) are dominantly in the 560°C to 630°C range, with age of magnetization approximated by the 40 Ar/39 Ar hornblende ages of 84.2 ± 0.10 Ma on the western margin and 76.4 ± 0.6 Ma in the center of the pluton. Site-mean ChRM directions were isolated for paleomagnetic samples from 23 sites and are distributed along a small circle with subhorizontal axis at ~340° azimuth. ChRM directions from the central portion of the pluton are concordant with the expected Cretaceous magnetic field direction, while ChRM directions from the western margin are discordant by >70°. Folding of the Ecstall pluton, either during Late Cretaceous west directed thrust transport above the convex upward Prince Rupert Shear Zone or during younger deformation of the pluton and underlying shear zone, can account for the paleomagnetic data and is consistent with the geochronologic, geobarometric, and structural geologic observations.

AB - Samples for geochronologic, geobarometric, and paleomagnetic analyses were collected across the northern portion of the Ecstall pluton southeast of Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Al-in-hornblende geobarometry indicates pressures from 740 ± 10 to 840 ± 30 MPa corresponding to crystallization depths of ~25 to ~30 km. U/Pb analyses of zircons from western, central, and eastern localities within the pluton yield crystallization ages of 91.5 ± 1.0 Ma, 90.8 ± 1.0 Ma, and 90.5 ± 1.0 Ma, respectively. Rock magnetic experiments, reflected light microscopy, and thermal demagnetization behavior suggest that natural remanent magnetism is carried by low-Ti titanohematite. Unblocking temperatures of the characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) are dominantly in the 560°C to 630°C range, with age of magnetization approximated by the 40 Ar/39 Ar hornblende ages of 84.2 ± 0.10 Ma on the western margin and 76.4 ± 0.6 Ma in the center of the pluton. Site-mean ChRM directions were isolated for paleomagnetic samples from 23 sites and are distributed along a small circle with subhorizontal axis at ~340° azimuth. ChRM directions from the central portion of the pluton are concordant with the expected Cretaceous magnetic field direction, while ChRM directions from the western margin are discordant by >70°. Folding of the Ecstall pluton, either during Late Cretaceous west directed thrust transport above the convex upward Prince Rupert Shear Zone or during younger deformation of the pluton and underlying shear zone, can account for the paleomagnetic data and is consistent with the geochronologic, geobarometric, and structural geologic observations.

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