PANCHROMATIC IMAGING of A TRANSITIONAL DISK: The DISK of GM AUR in OPTICAL and FUV SCATTERED LIGHT

J. B. Hornbeck, J. R. Swearingen, C. A. Grady, G. M. Williger, A. Brown, M. L. Sitko, J. P. Wisniewski, M. D. Perrin, J. T. Lauroesch, G. Schneider, Daniel Apai, S. Brittain, J. M. Brown, E. H. Champney, K. Hamaguchi, Th Henning, D. K. Lynch, R. Petre, R. W. Russell, F. M. WalterB. Woodgate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have imaged GM Aurigae with the Hubble Space Telescope, detected its disk in scattered light at 1400 and 1650 Å, and compared these with observations at 3300 Å, 5550 Å, 1.1 μm, and 1.6 μm. The scattered light increases at shorter wavelengths. The radial surface brightness profile at 3300 Å shows no evidence of the 24 au radius cavity that has been previously observed in submillimeter observations. Comparison with dust grain opacity models indicates that the surface of the entire disk is populated with submicron grains. We have compiled a spectral energy distribution from 0.1 μm to 1 mm and used it to constrain a model of the star + disk system that includes the submillimeter cavity using the Monte Carlo radiative transfer code by Barbara Whitney. The best-fit model image indicates that the cavity should be detectable in the F330W bandpass if the cavity has been cleared of both large and small dust grains, but we do not detect it. The lack of an observed cavity can be explained by the presence of submicron grains interior to the submillimeter cavity wall. We suggest one explanation for this that could be due to a planet of mass <9 M J interior to 24 au. A unique cylindrical structure is detected in the far-UV data from the Advanced Camera for Surveys/Solar Blind Channel. It is aligned along the system semiminor axis, but does not resemble an accretion-driven jet. The structure is limb brightened and extends 190 ±35 au above the disk midplane. The inner radius of the limb brightening is 40 ±10 au, just beyond the submillimeter cavity wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number65
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume829
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

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cavity
cavities
limb
dust
limb brightening
radii
spectral energy distribution
opacity
limbs
Hubble Space Telescope
radiative transfer
planets
brightness
planet
cameras
accretion
wavelength
stars
profiles
wavelengths

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • protoplanetary disks
  • stars: individual (GM Aur)
  • stars: protostars
  • stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
  • ultraviolet: planetary systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Hornbeck, J. B., Swearingen, J. R., Grady, C. A., Williger, G. M., Brown, A., Sitko, M. L., ... Woodgate, B. (2016). PANCHROMATIC IMAGING of A TRANSITIONAL DISK: The DISK of GM AUR in OPTICAL and FUV SCATTERED LIGHT. Astrophysical Journal, 829(2), [65]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/829/2/65

PANCHROMATIC IMAGING of A TRANSITIONAL DISK : The DISK of GM AUR in OPTICAL and FUV SCATTERED LIGHT. / Hornbeck, J. B.; Swearingen, J. R.; Grady, C. A.; Williger, G. M.; Brown, A.; Sitko, M. L.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Perrin, M. D.; Lauroesch, J. T.; Schneider, G.; Apai, Daniel; Brittain, S.; Brown, J. M.; Champney, E. H.; Hamaguchi, K.; Henning, Th; Lynch, D. K.; Petre, R.; Russell, R. W.; Walter, F. M.; Woodgate, B.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 829, No. 2, 65, 01.10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hornbeck, JB, Swearingen, JR, Grady, CA, Williger, GM, Brown, A, Sitko, ML, Wisniewski, JP, Perrin, MD, Lauroesch, JT, Schneider, G, Apai, D, Brittain, S, Brown, JM, Champney, EH, Hamaguchi, K, Henning, T, Lynch, DK, Petre, R, Russell, RW, Walter, FM & Woodgate, B 2016, 'PANCHROMATIC IMAGING of A TRANSITIONAL DISK: The DISK of GM AUR in OPTICAL and FUV SCATTERED LIGHT', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 829, no. 2, 65. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/829/2/65
Hornbeck, J. B. ; Swearingen, J. R. ; Grady, C. A. ; Williger, G. M. ; Brown, A. ; Sitko, M. L. ; Wisniewski, J. P. ; Perrin, M. D. ; Lauroesch, J. T. ; Schneider, G. ; Apai, Daniel ; Brittain, S. ; Brown, J. M. ; Champney, E. H. ; Hamaguchi, K. ; Henning, Th ; Lynch, D. K. ; Petre, R. ; Russell, R. W. ; Walter, F. M. ; Woodgate, B. / PANCHROMATIC IMAGING of A TRANSITIONAL DISK : The DISK of GM AUR in OPTICAL and FUV SCATTERED LIGHT. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 829, No. 2.
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abstract = "We have imaged GM Aurigae with the Hubble Space Telescope, detected its disk in scattered light at 1400 and 1650 {\AA}, and compared these with observations at 3300 {\AA}, 5550 {\AA}, 1.1 μm, and 1.6 μm. The scattered light increases at shorter wavelengths. The radial surface brightness profile at 3300 {\AA} shows no evidence of the 24 au radius cavity that has been previously observed in submillimeter observations. Comparison with dust grain opacity models indicates that the surface of the entire disk is populated with submicron grains. We have compiled a spectral energy distribution from 0.1 μm to 1 mm and used it to constrain a model of the star + disk system that includes the submillimeter cavity using the Monte Carlo radiative transfer code by Barbara Whitney. The best-fit model image indicates that the cavity should be detectable in the F330W bandpass if the cavity has been cleared of both large and small dust grains, but we do not detect it. The lack of an observed cavity can be explained by the presence of submicron grains interior to the submillimeter cavity wall. We suggest one explanation for this that could be due to a planet of mass <9 M J interior to 24 au. A unique cylindrical structure is detected in the far-UV data from the Advanced Camera for Surveys/Solar Blind Channel. It is aligned along the system semiminor axis, but does not resemble an accretion-driven jet. The structure is limb brightened and extends 190 ±35 au above the disk midplane. The inner radius of the limb brightening is 40 ±10 au, just beyond the submillimeter cavity wall.",
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AU - Hornbeck, J. B.

AU - Swearingen, J. R.

AU - Grady, C. A.

AU - Williger, G. M.

AU - Brown, A.

AU - Sitko, M. L.

AU - Wisniewski, J. P.

AU - Perrin, M. D.

AU - Lauroesch, J. T.

AU - Schneider, G.

AU - Apai, Daniel

AU - Brittain, S.

AU - Brown, J. M.

AU - Champney, E. H.

AU - Hamaguchi, K.

AU - Henning, Th

AU - Lynch, D. K.

AU - Petre, R.

AU - Russell, R. W.

AU - Walter, F. M.

AU - Woodgate, B.

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