Paradoxical effects of exercise on the QT interval in patients with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia receiving type Ia antiarrhythmic agents

Alan H. Kadish, Harlan F. Weisman, Enrico P. Veltri, Andrew E. Epstein, Marvin J. Slepian, Joseph H. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

We analyzed the results of exercise testing performed in the absence of all antiarrhythmic drugs in 11 case patients with newly documented polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in response to type Ia antiarrhythmic agents. These results were compared with those found in 11 control patients matched for age, sex, and heart disease to determine whether the response of the QT interval to exercise testing was abnormal in patients who developed worsening of arrhythmia while taking antiarrhythmic drugs. QT, RR, and QTc intervals (by Bazett's method) were evaluated at rest and at 3 minutes of exercise in both groups. At rest, there was no significant difference in the QT interval (410±13 vs. 386±11 msec), RR interval (890±56 vs. 781±43 msec), or corrected QT interval (438±10 vs. 438±4 msec) in the case patients and the control patients. Both groups demonstrated a similar chronotropic response to exercise. The QT interval shortened in both groups with exercise (p<0.001), but the degree of shortening tended to be greater in the control patients (to 310±9 msec) than in the case patients (to 357±11 msec) (p=0.06). Thus, there was a paradoxical increase in the QTc interval in the patients who experienced a proarrhythmic effect of type Ia drugs but not in the control patients (to 482±8 vs. 431±5 msec; p<0.001). Ten of 11 case patients but only one of 11 control patients had an increase in QTc interval of more than 10 msec with exercise (p<0.001). We conclude that patients who develop polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in response to type Ia antiarrhythmic agents have an abnormal repolarization response to exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1990

Keywords

  • Antiarrhythmia agents
  • Exercise testing
  • QT intervals
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Paradoxical effects of exercise on the QT interval in patients with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia receiving type Ia antiarrhythmic agents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this