Objective: To evaluate the effect of resection of central disease when the parametria are involved by tumor in high-risk stage I cervical cancer patients. Methods: Thirty-two patients with high-risk stage I cervical cancer who underwent radical hysterectomy and had pathologic findings of positive lymph nodes (JV = 13), positive parametria (N = 7), or both (N = 12) were identified retrospectively. The effects of various histopathologic findings on disease-free interval and survival were evaluated, including the effect of resection of central disease with and without positive nodal disease. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were compared with the log-rank test. Multivariate analyses using a stepwise regression model were performed. Results: Compared with other histologies, adenocarcinoma was associated with a significantly shorter disease-free interval (P = .037). Among patients with parametrial involvement, lymph node status did not affect disease-free interval or survival. However, when patients with positive lymph nodes were examined, the additional finding of parametrial positivity significantly worsened both disease-free interval (P = .039) and survival (P = .036). When the 19 patients with positive parametria, regardless of lymph node status, were compared with those with positive lymph nodes alone, the former group had a significantly shorter disease-free interval (P = .038). The tumor recurred in 12 of these 19 patients; all cases involved the pelvis, with a median time to recurrence of 15 months. Multivariate analysis showed that adenocarcinoma histology (P = .038) and parametrial involvement (P = .043) were independent, poor prognostic indicators for disease-free interval. Conclusion: Involvement of the parametria, regardless of lymph node status, and adenocarcinoma histology confer a poor prognosis in high-risk patients undergoing radical hysterectomy. Caution should be used when contemplating resection of bulky tumors as part of primary therapy if the parametria appear to be involved by tumor. (Obstet Gynecol 1996;87:741-6).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology