Particle size-frequency distributions of the osiris-rex candidate sample sites on asteroid (101955) bennu

Keara N. Burke, Daniella N. Dellagiustina, Carina A. Bennett, Kevin J. Walsh, Maurizio Pajola, Edward B. Bierhaus, Michael C. Nolan, William V. Boynton, Juliette I. Brodbeck, Harold C. Connolly, Jasinghege Don Prasanna Deshapriya, Jason P. Dworkin, Catherine M. Elder, Dathon R. Golish, Rachael H. Hoover, Erica R. Jawin, Timothy J. McCoy, Patrick Michel, Jamie L. Molaro, Jennifer O. NolauJacob Padilla, Bashar Rizk, Stuart J. Robbins, Eric M. Sahr, Peter H. Smith, Stephanie J. Stewart, Hannah C.M. Susorney, Heather L. Enos, Dante S. Lauretta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We manually mapped particles ranging in longest axis from 0.3 cm to 95 m on (101955) Bennu for the Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, and Security–Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) asteroid sample return mission. This enabled the mission to identify candidate sample collection sites and shed light on the processes that have shaped the surface of this rubble-pile asteroid. Building on a global survey of particles, we used higher-resolution data from regional observations to calculate particle size-frequency distributions (PSFDs) and assess the viability of four candidate sites for sample collection (presence of unobstructed particles ≤ 2 cm). The four candidate sites have common characteristics: each is situated within a crater with a relative abundance of sampleable material. Their PSFDs, however, indicate that each site has experienced different geologic processing. The PSFD power-law slopes range from −3.0 ± 0.2 to −2.3 ± 0.1 across the four sites, based on images with a 0.01-m pixel scale. These values are consistent with, or shallower than, the global survey measurements. At one site, Osprey, the particle packing density appears to reach geometric saturation. We evaluate the uncertainty in these measurements and discuss their implications for other remotely sensed and mapped particles, and their importance to OSIRIS-REx sampling operations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1315
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

Keywords

  • Fragmentation
  • Particle size-frequency distributions
  • Power laws
  • Rubble-pile asteroids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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