Patients' perception of their depressive illness

Rachel Manber, Andrea S. Chambers, Sabrina K. Hitt, Cynthia McGahuey, Pedro Delgado, John JB Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Perception of illness has been described as an important predictor in the medical health psychology literature, but has been given little attention in the domain of mental disorders. The patient's Perception of Depression Questionnaire (PDIQ) is a newly developed measure whose factor structure and psychometric properties were evaluated on a sample of 174 outpatients meeting criteria for major depressive disorder. The clinical utility of the questionnaire was assessed on a sub-sample of 121 participants in a study of acupuncture treatment for depression. The questionnaire has four subscales, each with high internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. These four subscales are: Self-Efficacy, which reflects perceived controllability of the illness, Externalizing, which reflects attributing the illness to external causes, Hopeless/Flawed, which reflect a belief that depression is a personal trait and therefore there is little hope for cure, and Holistic, which reflects a belief in alternative therapies. Although the PDIQ did not predict outcome, its subscales were related to adherence to treatment, treatment preference, expectations, and therapeutic alliance. The subscales have adequate convergent/discriminant validity and are clinically relevant to aspects of treatment provision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-343
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003

Fingerprint

Depression
Hope
Medical Psychology
Acupuncture Therapy
Behavioral Medicine
Major Depressive Disorder
Self Efficacy
Therapeutics
Complementary Therapies
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Mental Disorders
Outpatients
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Externalizing
  • Holistic
  • Hopeless
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Manber, R., Chambers, A. S., Hitt, S. K., McGahuey, C., Delgado, P., & Allen, J. JB. (2003). Patients' perception of their depressive illness. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 37(4), 335-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3956(03)00019-0

Patients' perception of their depressive illness. / Manber, Rachel; Chambers, Andrea S.; Hitt, Sabrina K.; McGahuey, Cynthia; Delgado, Pedro; Allen, John JB.

In: Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 37, No. 4, 07.2003, p. 335-343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Manber, R, Chambers, AS, Hitt, SK, McGahuey, C, Delgado, P & Allen, JJB 2003, 'Patients' perception of their depressive illness', Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 335-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3956(03)00019-0
Manber, Rachel ; Chambers, Andrea S. ; Hitt, Sabrina K. ; McGahuey, Cynthia ; Delgado, Pedro ; Allen, John JB. / Patients' perception of their depressive illness. In: Journal of Psychiatric Research. 2003 ; Vol. 37, No. 4. pp. 335-343.
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