Univers de structures

Translated title of the contribution: Pattern universes

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this essay we explore analogies between macroscopic patterns, which result from a sequence of phase transitions/instabilities starting from a homogeneous state, and similar phenomena in cosmology, where a sequence of phase transitions in the early universe is believed to have separated the fundamental forces from each other, and also shaped the structure and distribution of matter in the universe. We discuss three distinct aspects of this analogy: (i) Defects and topological charges in macroscopic patterns are analogous to spins and charges of quarks and leptons; (ii) Defects in generic 3+1 stripe patterns carry an energy density that accounts for phenomena that are currently attributed to dark matter; (iii) Space-time patterns of interacting nonlinear waves display behaviors reminiscent of quantum phenomena including inflation, entanglement and dark energy.

Original languageFrench
JournalComptes Rendus - Mecanique
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Phase transitions
Cosmology
Defects

Keywords

  • Cosmology
  • Pattern formation
  • Phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Univers de structures. / Newell, Alan C; Venkataramani, Shankar C.

In: Comptes Rendus - Mecanique, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

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AB - In this essay we explore analogies between macroscopic patterns, which result from a sequence of phase transitions/instabilities starting from a homogeneous state, and similar phenomena in cosmology, where a sequence of phase transitions in the early universe is believed to have separated the fundamental forces from each other, and also shaped the structure and distribution of matter in the universe. We discuss three distinct aspects of this analogy: (i) Defects and topological charges in macroscopic patterns are analogous to spins and charges of quarks and leptons; (ii) Defects in generic 3+1 stripe patterns carry an energy density that accounts for phenomena that are currently attributed to dark matter; (iii) Space-time patterns of interacting nonlinear waves display behaviors reminiscent of quantum phenomena including inflation, entanglement and dark energy.

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