Patterns of cerebral lateralization during cardiac biofeedback versus the self regulation of emotion: sex differences

R. J. Davidson, Gary E Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was 2 fold: to obtain information on central mechanisms underlying cardiac self regulation by comparing changes in cerebral asymmetry during self control of heart rate with changes observed during the production of affective imagery; and to explore sex differences in hemispheric function during performance of these 2 tasks. Heart rate (HR) and bilateral parietal EEG filtered for alpha were recorded from 20 right handed males and females during 2 discrete experimental phases: cardiac control and image self generation. HR showed significant effects between up versus down in prefeedback and feedback, and between anger versus relaxing imagery in the image phase. The EEG data indicated similar patterns of hemispheric asymmetry in both sexes during prefeedback. However, with the introduction of feedback, females shifted to greater relative right hemisphere activation comparable to what they show when specifically instructed to think emotional thoughts; males showed little differentiation between conditions. These data indicate that the self regulation of HR with biofeedback in males and females may be accomplished by the utilization of strategies involving different underlying patterns of neuropsychological processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume13
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

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Sex Characteristics
Emotions
Heart Rate
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Electroencephalography
Anger
Task Performance and Analysis
Self-Control
Biofeedback (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Patterns of cerebral lateralization during cardiac biofeedback versus the self regulation of emotion : sex differences. / Davidson, R. J.; Schwartz, Gary E.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1976, p. 62-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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