Patterns of egg load in the walnut fly Rhagoletis juglandis (Diptera

Tephritidae) in nature and their possible significance for distribution of sexes

Henar Alonso-Pimentel, Daniel R Papaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a field study of the tephritidd fly Rhagoletis Juglandis Cresson on its host Juglans major (Torrey) Heller, the density of both sexes on host foliage remained more or less constant throughout the season. The density of each sex on fruit, by contrast, increased steadily over the course of several weeks. The density of mals on fruit increased much more sharply than that of females. Associeted with the temporal increase in relative fly density on fruit was an increase in the mean number of eggs in a female's ovaries (i.e., egg load). this pattern in egg load was not caused by an increase in the mean egg load of individuals carrying eggs (which remained more or less constant over the season), but rather by an increase in the number of individuals that carried any eggs (i.e., the number of reproductively mature individuals). Late in the season, mean egg load of females in the foliage was lower than that of females on fruit for each of 2 yr, but the difference was not statistically significant. Within a given location (fruit versus foliage), egg load was associated with female activity. Females attempting to oviposit on fruit and females found in mating pairs on foliage had high mean egg loads, whereas females feeding on foliage and females dragging their ovipositor (indicative of recent clutch deposition) on fruit had low mean egg loads. We discuss how results for this species conform to a generally held scenario for the distribution of frugivorous tephritied flies in time and space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)875-882
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the Entomological Society of America
Volume89
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1996

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Rhagoletis
walnuts
Tephritidae
gender
fruits
leaves
Juglans major
ovipositor
space and time

Keywords

  • Egg load
  • Fruit fly
  • Oviposition
  • Rhagoletis
  • Sex ratio
  • Tephritidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "Patterns of egg load in the walnut fly Rhagoletis juglandis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in nature and their possible significance for distribution of sexes",
abstract = "In a field study of the tephritidd fly Rhagoletis Juglandis Cresson on its host Juglans major (Torrey) Heller, the density of both sexes on host foliage remained more or less constant throughout the season. The density of each sex on fruit, by contrast, increased steadily over the course of several weeks. The density of mals on fruit increased much more sharply than that of females. Associeted with the temporal increase in relative fly density on fruit was an increase in the mean number of eggs in a female's ovaries (i.e., egg load). this pattern in egg load was not caused by an increase in the mean egg load of individuals carrying eggs (which remained more or less constant over the season), but rather by an increase in the number of individuals that carried any eggs (i.e., the number of reproductively mature individuals). Late in the season, mean egg load of females in the foliage was lower than that of females on fruit for each of 2 yr, but the difference was not statistically significant. Within a given location (fruit versus foliage), egg load was associated with female activity. Females attempting to oviposit on fruit and females found in mating pairs on foliage had high mean egg loads, whereas females feeding on foliage and females dragging their ovipositor (indicative of recent clutch deposition) on fruit had low mean egg loads. We discuss how results for this species conform to a generally held scenario for the distribution of frugivorous tephritied flies in time and space.",
keywords = "Egg load, Fruit fly, Oviposition, Rhagoletis, Sex ratio, Tephritidae",
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N2 - In a field study of the tephritidd fly Rhagoletis Juglandis Cresson on its host Juglans major (Torrey) Heller, the density of both sexes on host foliage remained more or less constant throughout the season. The density of each sex on fruit, by contrast, increased steadily over the course of several weeks. The density of mals on fruit increased much more sharply than that of females. Associeted with the temporal increase in relative fly density on fruit was an increase in the mean number of eggs in a female's ovaries (i.e., egg load). this pattern in egg load was not caused by an increase in the mean egg load of individuals carrying eggs (which remained more or less constant over the season), but rather by an increase in the number of individuals that carried any eggs (i.e., the number of reproductively mature individuals). Late in the season, mean egg load of females in the foliage was lower than that of females on fruit for each of 2 yr, but the difference was not statistically significant. Within a given location (fruit versus foliage), egg load was associated with female activity. Females attempting to oviposit on fruit and females found in mating pairs on foliage had high mean egg loads, whereas females feeding on foliage and females dragging their ovipositor (indicative of recent clutch deposition) on fruit had low mean egg loads. We discuss how results for this species conform to a generally held scenario for the distribution of frugivorous tephritied flies in time and space.

AB - In a field study of the tephritidd fly Rhagoletis Juglandis Cresson on its host Juglans major (Torrey) Heller, the density of both sexes on host foliage remained more or less constant throughout the season. The density of each sex on fruit, by contrast, increased steadily over the course of several weeks. The density of mals on fruit increased much more sharply than that of females. Associeted with the temporal increase in relative fly density on fruit was an increase in the mean number of eggs in a female's ovaries (i.e., egg load). this pattern in egg load was not caused by an increase in the mean egg load of individuals carrying eggs (which remained more or less constant over the season), but rather by an increase in the number of individuals that carried any eggs (i.e., the number of reproductively mature individuals). Late in the season, mean egg load of females in the foliage was lower than that of females on fruit for each of 2 yr, but the difference was not statistically significant. Within a given location (fruit versus foliage), egg load was associated with female activity. Females attempting to oviposit on fruit and females found in mating pairs on foliage had high mean egg loads, whereas females feeding on foliage and females dragging their ovipositor (indicative of recent clutch deposition) on fruit had low mean egg loads. We discuss how results for this species conform to a generally held scenario for the distribution of frugivorous tephritied flies in time and space.

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