Patterns of food use and nutrient intake of obese and non-obese Hualapai Indian women of Arizona

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Abstract

To document patterns of food use and nutrient intake associated with obesity in Native American women, a sample of 14 obese and 14 non-obese free-living Hualapai Indian women living in northwest Arizona was studied. Patterns of food use were determined through long-term observation, dietary histories, and 24-hour dietary recalls. Dietary intake was determined through 24-hour dietary recalls over 7 consecutive days. Patterns of food acquisition, selection, and preparation were similar for obese and non-obese Hualapai women. The diets of both groups were dominated by nonalcoholic beverages, patatoes, beans, white wheat flour, and canned goods. Wild and locally cultivated foods were not eaten on a regular basis. The diets of both the obese and non-obese women were high in energy (pooled mean ±standard deviation [SD] = 2,602 ± 766 kcal/day) and carbohydrates (pooled mean ±SD = 333.4 ± 95.6 gm/day), moderate in protein (pooled mean ±SD = 77.8 ± 20.9 gm/day) and fat (pooled mean ±SD = 101.1 ± 25.4 gm/day), and low in crude fiber (pooled mean ±SD = 4.7 ± 2.0 gm/day). The study indicates that significantly (p<.001) higher energy intakes of the obese women can be attributed to their greater consumption of nonalcoholic and alcoholic beverages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1229-1235
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume90
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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nutrient intake
Food
diet recall
Diet
Food Preferences
Alcoholic Beverages
diet history
alcoholic beverages
North American Indians
American Indians
Beverages
Flour
crude fiber
Energy Intake
wheat flour
diet
beverages
Triticum
food intake
energy intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Patterns of food use and nutrient intake of obese and non-obese Hualapai Indian women of Arizona. / Teufel-Shone, Nicolette I; Dufour, D. L.

In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 90, No. 9, 1990, p. 1229-1235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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