A new oxygen reduction catalyst is made of Pd and Pt nanostructures (Pd-Pt) supported on a herring-bone arrangement of carbon nanofibers (NFs) and is synthesized in one pot by the sequential reduction of Pd2+and Pt4+in aqueous chloride solution with ethylene glycol and then adding the carbon NF to precipitate the catalyst. The exchange current density for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on Pd-Pt is 1.44 × 10-4mA cm-2versus 1.41 × 10-4mA cm-2for pure Pt as determined using a thin-film rotating disk electrode (TF-RDE) method. A single cell hydrogen anode and oxygen cathode fuel cell in which the cathode is catalyzed with Pd-Pt gives a performance as good as or better than with a commercial Pt catalyst in the cathode for the same total metal loading, 0.5 mgmetalcm-2. This shows the catalyst made of Pd-Pt supported on carbon NF is a low cost alternative to Pt on carbon, because it gives the same or better activity with less Pt.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)