Pentafluorophenoxy boron subphthalocyanine (F5BsubPc) as a multifunctional material for organic photovoltaics

Graham E. Morse, Jeremy L. Gantz, K. Xerxes Steirer, Neal R Armstrong, Timothy P. Bender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have demonstrated that pentafluoro phenoxy boron subphthalocyanine (F5BsubPc) can function as either an electron donor or an electron acceptor layer in a planar heterojunction organic photovolatic (PHJ OPV) cell. F5BsubPc was incorporated into devices with the configurations ITO/MoO3/F5BsubPc/C60/BCP/Al (F 5BsubPc used as an electron-donor/hole-transport layer) and ITO/MoO3/Cl-BsubPc/F5BsubPc/BCP/Al (F5BsubPc used as an electron-acceptor/electron-transport layer). Each unoptimized device displayed open-circuit photopotentials (Voc) close to or in excess of 1 V and respectrable power conversion efficiencies. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) was used to characterize the band-edge offset energies at the donor/acceptor junctions. HOMO and LUMO energy level offsets for the F 5BsubPc/C60 heterojunction were determined to be ca. 0.6 eV and ca. 0.7 eV, respectively. Such offsets are clearly large enough to produce rectifying J/V responses, efficient exciton dissociation, and photocurrent production at the interface. For the Cl-BsubPc/F5BsubPc heterojunction, the estimated offset energies were found to be ca. 0.1 eV. However, reasonable photovoltaic activity was observed, with photocurrent production coming from both BsubPc species layers. Incident and absorbed photon power conversion efficiencies (IPCE and APCE) showed that photocurrent production qualitatively tracked the absorbance spectra of the donor/acceptor heterojunctions, with some additional photocurrent activity on the low energy side of the absorbance band. We suggest that photocurrent production at higher wavelengths may be a result of charge-transfer species at the donor/acceptor interface. Cascade photovoltaics were also fabricated to expand on the understanding of the role of F5BsubPc in such device architectures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1515-1524
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2014

Fingerprint

Boron
Photocurrents
Heterojunctions
Electrons
Conversion efficiency
Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy
Excitons
Electron energy levels
Charge transfer
Photons
Wavelength
Networks (circuits)

Keywords

  • boron
  • cells
  • heterojunctions
  • photovoltaic
  • solar
  • subphthalocyanines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Pentafluorophenoxy boron subphthalocyanine (F5BsubPc) as a multifunctional material for organic photovoltaics. / Morse, Graham E.; Gantz, Jeremy L.; Steirer, K. Xerxes; Armstrong, Neal R; Bender, Timothy P.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 6, No. 3, 12.02.2014, p. 1515-1524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morse, Graham E. ; Gantz, Jeremy L. ; Steirer, K. Xerxes ; Armstrong, Neal R ; Bender, Timothy P. / Pentafluorophenoxy boron subphthalocyanine (F5BsubPc) as a multifunctional material for organic photovoltaics. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 1515-1524.
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AU - Morse, Graham E.

AU - Gantz, Jeremy L.

AU - Steirer, K. Xerxes

AU - Armstrong, Neal R

AU - Bender, Timothy P.

PY - 2014/2/12

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N2 - We have demonstrated that pentafluoro phenoxy boron subphthalocyanine (F5BsubPc) can function as either an electron donor or an electron acceptor layer in a planar heterojunction organic photovolatic (PHJ OPV) cell. F5BsubPc was incorporated into devices with the configurations ITO/MoO3/F5BsubPc/C60/BCP/Al (F 5BsubPc used as an electron-donor/hole-transport layer) and ITO/MoO3/Cl-BsubPc/F5BsubPc/BCP/Al (F5BsubPc used as an electron-acceptor/electron-transport layer). Each unoptimized device displayed open-circuit photopotentials (Voc) close to or in excess of 1 V and respectrable power conversion efficiencies. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) was used to characterize the band-edge offset energies at the donor/acceptor junctions. HOMO and LUMO energy level offsets for the F 5BsubPc/C60 heterojunction were determined to be ca. 0.6 eV and ca. 0.7 eV, respectively. Such offsets are clearly large enough to produce rectifying J/V responses, efficient exciton dissociation, and photocurrent production at the interface. For the Cl-BsubPc/F5BsubPc heterojunction, the estimated offset energies were found to be ca. 0.1 eV. However, reasonable photovoltaic activity was observed, with photocurrent production coming from both BsubPc species layers. Incident and absorbed photon power conversion efficiencies (IPCE and APCE) showed that photocurrent production qualitatively tracked the absorbance spectra of the donor/acceptor heterojunctions, with some additional photocurrent activity on the low energy side of the absorbance band. We suggest that photocurrent production at higher wavelengths may be a result of charge-transfer species at the donor/acceptor interface. Cascade photovoltaics were also fabricated to expand on the understanding of the role of F5BsubPc in such device architectures.

AB - We have demonstrated that pentafluoro phenoxy boron subphthalocyanine (F5BsubPc) can function as either an electron donor or an electron acceptor layer in a planar heterojunction organic photovolatic (PHJ OPV) cell. F5BsubPc was incorporated into devices with the configurations ITO/MoO3/F5BsubPc/C60/BCP/Al (F 5BsubPc used as an electron-donor/hole-transport layer) and ITO/MoO3/Cl-BsubPc/F5BsubPc/BCP/Al (F5BsubPc used as an electron-acceptor/electron-transport layer). Each unoptimized device displayed open-circuit photopotentials (Voc) close to or in excess of 1 V and respectrable power conversion efficiencies. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) was used to characterize the band-edge offset energies at the donor/acceptor junctions. HOMO and LUMO energy level offsets for the F 5BsubPc/C60 heterojunction were determined to be ca. 0.6 eV and ca. 0.7 eV, respectively. Such offsets are clearly large enough to produce rectifying J/V responses, efficient exciton dissociation, and photocurrent production at the interface. For the Cl-BsubPc/F5BsubPc heterojunction, the estimated offset energies were found to be ca. 0.1 eV. However, reasonable photovoltaic activity was observed, with photocurrent production coming from both BsubPc species layers. Incident and absorbed photon power conversion efficiencies (IPCE and APCE) showed that photocurrent production qualitatively tracked the absorbance spectra of the donor/acceptor heterojunctions, with some additional photocurrent activity on the low energy side of the absorbance band. We suggest that photocurrent production at higher wavelengths may be a result of charge-transfer species at the donor/acceptor interface. Cascade photovoltaics were also fabricated to expand on the understanding of the role of F5BsubPc in such device architectures.

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KW - solar

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