Hemorrhage and thrombosis are associated with major vascular and trauma surgery. Release of heparinoids and thrombotic mediators may contribute to these complications and have been described in rabbits after aortic occlusion-reperfusion. We hypothesized that the resuscitative fluid used could reduce heparinoid and thrombotic mediator release after aortic occlusion-reperfusion in rabbits as assessed by thromboelastographic variables (R, reaction time; α, angle; and G, a measure of clot strength). Anesthetized rabbits were administered lactated Ringer's solution (n = 8) or PentaLyte® (n = 8) at reperfusion after 30 min of ischemia. Blood was obtained before ischemia and after 30 min of reperfusion for thromboelastography under four conditions: 1) unmodified sample, 2) platelet inhibition, 3) heparinase, and 4) platelet inhibition and heparinase. During reperfusion, unmodified samples demonstrated a significant increase in R and decrease in α and G that was not affected by PentaLyte®. In the presence of heparinase, no significant fluid-specific thromboelastographic differences were noted. However, thrombotic mediator release (discerned by a decrease in R and an increase in α) during reperfusion in samples with platelet inhibition and heparinase was significantly attenuated by PentaLyte®. PentaLyte® administration does not decrease heparinoid release but does decrease thrombotic mediator release after aortic occlusion-reperfusion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine